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2017下半年英语四级翻译特训练习题(七)

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2017下半年英语四级翻译特训练习题(七)

  英语四级翻译练习一:

  对龙图腾他的崇拜在中国大约已绵延了八千多年。中国龙是古人将鱼、蛇、马、牛等动物与云雾、雷电等自然天象集合而成的一种神物。 中国龙的形成与中华民族的多元融合过程同步。在中国人的心目中,龙具有振奋腾飞、开拓变化的寓意和团结凝聚的精神。

  译文

  Chinese Dragon Dragon totem worship in China has been around for the last 8,000 years. The ancients in China considered the dragon (or loong) a fetish that combines animals including the fish, snake, horse and ox with cloud, thunder, lightning and other natural celestial phenomena. The Chinese dragon was formed in accordance with the multicultural fusion process of the Chinese nation. To the Chinese, the dragon signifies innovation and cohesion.

  英语四级翻译练习二:

  《论语》

  《论语》(The Analects of Confucius)是儒家的经典著作之一,它是对孔子及其弟子(disciple )的言行和对话的记录。众所周知,孔子是一位伟大的思想家和哲学家,他的思想被发展成了儒家哲学体系。《论语》是儒家思想的代表作,数个世纪以来,《论语》一直极大地影响着中国人的哲学观和道德观,它也影响着其他亚洲国家人民的哲学观和道德观。

  参考翻译:

  The Analects of Confucius

  The Analects of Confucius is one of the Confucius classics and is a record of the words and actsof Confucius and his disciples, as well as the conversations they held. It's well-known thatConfucius is a great ideologist and philosopher, and his thoughts have been developed into asystem of philosophy known as Confucianism. The Analects of Confucius is a representativework of Confucianism. For centuries, it has been heavily influencing the philosophy and moraloutlook of Chinese people and that of the people of other Asian countries as well.

  1.经典著作:翻译为classics即可,简单明了。

  2.儒家哲学体系:可直译为Confucian philosophy system 或者a system of philosophy known asConfucianism,只是需要注意表意完整。

  3.代表作:可译为representative work。representative为形容词,意为“典型的,有代表性的”。

  4.哲学观和道德观:“观”即为“观点、看法”,所以可译为philosophy and moral outlook。

  5.也影响着…道德观:由于前面的分句中已经提到了同样的内容,因而此处可以将其省略而不再重复译出,故可译为..that of the people of other Asian countries as well。

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