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职称英语综合类词汇选择练习题(5)_职称英语网校

来源:职称英语网校发布时间:2016-12-26

词汇选项 (第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与画线部分意义最相近的词或短语。
1 It is obvious that he will win the game.
A likely B possible C clear D probable
2 The earth moves around the sun.
A before B round C after  D over
3 Did anyone call when l was out?
A everyone  C nobody B someone  D anybody
4 It took us a long time to mend the house.
A build  B destroy C design D repair
5 I don't quite follow what she is saying.
A observe B understand C explain  D describe
6 We can no longer tolerate his actions.
A put up with B accept C take    D receive
7 Loud noises can be irritating
A hateful  B painful C stimulating D annoying
8 In the background was that eternal hum
A long B never-ending C boring D extensive
9 The Constitution's vague nature has given it the flexibility to be adapted when circumstances change
A imprecise B apparent  C clear   D easy
10Gambling is lawful in Nevada.
A enjoyable B irresistible C legal    D profitable
11These are the motives for doing it
A reasons B excuses C answers  D replies
12The river widens considerably as it begins to turn west
A extends B stretches C broadens D bends
13 Many economists have given in to the fatal lure of mathematics.
A error   B puzzle C attraction D contradiction
14 With immense relief I stopped running.
A no  B little C scarce D enormous
15 A great deal has been done to remedy the situation
A maintain B improve C preserve  D protect
答案:
1 C obvious:显而易见的。clear:清楚的。It is not clear whether the incident was accidental or deliberate.还不清楚这一事件是意外的还是故意的。likely,possible和probable都有"可能"的意思。
2 B around:周围。round也是这个意思。She has earned the respect of leaders all round the world她赢得了世界上所有领导人的尊敬。Before在……以前:after在……以后;over在……上面。
3 D anyone和anybody都是 "任何人"的意思,可以互换。1won't tell anybody that
I saw you here.我不会告诉任何人我在这儿见到了你。everyone:每个人;someone:某人;nobody:没有人。
4 D mend和repair都有 "修理"的意思。Zhangsan repaired the roof to ensure the house is windproof.张三修理了一下房顶,使得房子不进风。build:建设;destroy:破坏;design:设计。
5 B follow此处有 "理解"的意思。understand:懂,理解。This book is difficult to understand.此书难懂。observe:观察;explain:解释;describe:描写。
6 A tolerate和put up with都有 "忍受"的意思。accept是"接受",take是"取",receive是"收到".
7 D irritating和annoying都有 "使烦恼的"意思。hateful是"可恨的",painful是"痛苦的",stimulating是"刺激的".
8 B eternal和never·ending都有 "永恒的"意思。long是"长的",boring是"乏味的"I found his talk rather boring.我发现他的报告相当乏味。extensive是"广泛的".
9 A vague:模糊的;imprecise:不确切的,不明确的。这两个词意思相近。
apparent:清楚的。It is apparent that we have made a mistake.显然,我们犯了个错误。clear是 "清楚的",easy是"容易的".
10 C lawful和legal都有 "合法的"意思。enjoyable有"有益的"意思。The movie was enjoyable.该电影很有意思。irresistible是"不可抵挡的".The music is irresistible这音乐太动听了。profitable:有利可图的。We had a profitable talk.我们的谈话是有益的。
ll A motive:动机。reason:理由。这两个词意思比较接近。There is no reason to doubt his word.没有理由不相信他的话。excuse:借口。answer和reply都有 "回答"的意思。
12 C widen和broaden都有 "拓宽"的意思。extend:延伸;延长。The builders Extended the road for three more miles筑路人把道路延长了三英里。stretch:延伸。
The forests stretch for hundreds of miles.森林绵延数百英里。bend:弯曲。
13 C lure:吸引。attraction:吸引。这两个词意思相近。The attraction of this house lies in its simplicity.这所房子的诱人之处在于它的简单。error:错误。puzzle:难题。contradiction:矛盾。
14 D immense和enormous都有 "巨大的"意思。It was an enormous disappointment.此事太令人失望了。no是"没有",little是"几乎没有",scarce是"不足的".
15 B remedy:补救。improve:改进。这两个词意思相近。Herbal medicine can be used to improve our health.草药可用于增进我们的健康。maintain:保持。preserve:保护。protect:保护


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