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2017托福考试阅读详解22

分类:托福 | 更新时间:2017-11-06 | 来源:转载

  在托福阅读中,还有一类题型经常出现,那就是paraphrase。

  这类问题需要大家在给出的选项选择与文章中的长难句意义相近的一句话。

  这类问题还是有一定难度的,因为选项中存在一些干扰项。

  那么这类问题有哪些解题技巧呢?

  Strategies to answer this question:

  1. 划分句子主谓宾,充分理解句子意思;

  2. 将句子大意用自己的话复述一遍,简化句子成分;

  3. 看问题选项中有没有跟刚复述的句子意义相似的句子;

  4. 选出正确答案后,看一下其他错误选项。这些错误选项有的意思跟原文不同,有的漏掉了原文中的重要内容。找出这些错误,确保万无一失。

  Example:

  大家先来看一个例子:

  Rather than sell the painting, which is most likely worth millions of dollars, the Jesuits decided to make it available to the nation of Ireland for viewing. Thus, the painting is on "indefinite loan" to the National Gallery of Ireland. Nevertheless, the painting continues its travels as it features in exhibitions around the world, from the United States to Amsterdam.

  Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence?

  a. The National Gallery of Ireland now owns the painting.

  b. The National Gallery of Ireland bought the painting from the Jesuits.

  c. The National Gallery of Ireland can display the painting, but the Jesuits still own it.

  d. The National Gallery of Ireland can display the painting as long as they allow it to travel.

  想要回答正确,就要准确理解文中indefinite loan的意思。"Loan"可以理解为an object is being lent,那么这句话的意思就很明白了。尽管爱尔兰国家画廊展出了这幅画,但他的所有者仍是Jesuits。

  这样就可以排除A项跟B项。D项应改为:while the gallery can display the painting—this is not contingent upon it traveling.

 

责任编辑 : Alice

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