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全国职称英语考试综合类AB级课堂笔记第5讲_职称英语网校

发布时间:2016-12-06来源:中华网发布人:wyznl

词汇例题解析: 

第一部分:词汇选择
下面每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
1.He has established himself to be a competent (A)manager by his successfully handling several difficult tasks.
A definite B effective C qualified D deficient
1. C. 借助搭配结构(…经理)和句子中出现的词语(successfully handling)判断答案应该是C(胜任的)。Definite adj.明确的, 一定的;effective adj.有效的, 被实施的, 给人深刻印象的; deficient adj.缺乏的, 不足的, 不完善的; qualified adj.有资格的

2. The hotel tries to meet the diverse (B)needs of its customers.
A various B indifferent C many D typical
2. A. 分析:借助句意(这家饭店尽量满足饭店顾客的各种需要)判断答案为A(各种各样的)。Indifferent adj(与to连用)不感兴趣的;漠不关心的;不注意的;typical adj.典型的, 象征性的。

3.He is exempted (A)from military service, because of his bad sight.
A restricted B hampered C liberated
D restrained
3. C. 借助搭配结构:在被选项中通常和from搭配使用的动词是C(解放),所以答案是C。该句含义是“他由于视力不好而免服兵役。” Restrict vt.限制, 约束; hamper v.妨碍, 牵制; restrain vt.抑制, 制止

4. He pondered (A)his words thoroughly.
A thought over B thought about C thought of D thought out
4. A. 分析:借助句意义(他说每一句话要仔细掂量。)判断A是答案。think over v.仔细考虑, 重新考虑; think about v.考虑, 回想; think of v.考虑, 关心, 想起; think out v.设计出, 解决

5. We should never content (B)ourselves with a little book knowledge only.
A) convince B)satisfy C) comfort D) benefit
5. B. 分析:根据句意(我们切不可(满足于)仅仅有一点点书本知识。)判断B(使满足)是答案。Convince vt.使确信, 使信服;convince sb. of sth.使某人相信某事; benefit n.利益, 好处vt.有益于, 有助于; comfort n.安慰, 舒适, 安慰者vt.安慰, 使(痛苦等)缓和;

6. We are impressed by his considerate arrangement for our travel.
A) constructive B)sensitive C) thoughtful D) considerable
6. C. 分析:D和划线词最相似,所以很可能不是答案。Consider是“考虑”,除了D以外,只有C有“想,考虑”的含义,因此C是答案。constructive建设性的,积极的; considerable adj.相当大(或多)的, 值得考虑的;sensitive adj.敏感的, 灵敏的, 感光的

7. His health had deteriorated (B)while he was in prison.
A) became better B)became worse C) became stronger D) became weaker
7. B. 分析:借助搭配“健康…”,排除C和D(strong和 weak都不和“健康”搭配使用,只能说“身体” strong或 weak),再借助句意(在监狱服刑期间他的健康变得恶化了)判断B(变得更糟糕)是答案。Deteriorate v.(使)恶化

8. Smoking is inhibited (B)in public places.
A) instructed B)inquired C) forbidden D) strived
8. C. 分析:借助句意(吸烟在公共场合被..)判断C是答案。Instruct vt.教, 命令, 指示; inquire v.询问, 问明, 查究; forbid vt.禁止, 不许; strive v.努力, 奋斗


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