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全国职称英语考试综合类C级课堂笔记:词汇第5讲_职称英语网校

发布时间:2016-12-13 来源:环球网校 发布人:wyznl

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词汇例题解析:


第一部分:词汇选择
下面每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
1. The war was over, but the whole country was in a state of disorder.
A. confusion B. disagreement C. disappearance D. disaster
1.A. 分析:借助句意“战争结束了”整个国家处于..的状态.”判断A(混乱)是答案。

2 On Thanksgiving in the United States, families gather and give thanks for the blessing(祝福) of the past year.
A pick up B come together C compete D correspond
2. B.分析:可以借助句子中相关词语(Thanksgiving)的提示和搭配结构(每个家庭都..)判断B(聚集在一起)是答案。pick up用手拿起(某物),承载(客人,货物等),学得(知识); correspond: v. (与with, to连用)符合,(常与with连用)通信;compete vi 竞争;竞赛

3. He was said to have been removed from the position of manager for a recent conflict with an important customer.
A dismissed B released C picked D exposed
3. A. 分析:根据搭配结构“被从经理的职位上…”判断A(解职)是答案。该句含义是“据说由于他最近与一个重要的客户之间发生了冲突,所以被解除了经理的职位。” Dismiss vt.解散, 下课, 开除; release n.释放vt.释放, 解放; pick vt.摘, 挑选; expose vt.使暴露, 受到, 使曝光

4 I don't feel secure when I am alone in the house.
A safe   B pretty  C distant  D obvious
4. A. 分析:借助句意(当我一 个人在家里的时候我感到不..)判断A(安全的)是答案。Secure adj安全的, 可靠的;稳定的;pretty: adj. 漂亮的;迷人的;可爱的;adv. 相当;颇

5. The most pressing problem any economic system faces is how to use its scarce resources.
A puzzling   B difficult   C terrifying   D urgent
5. D. 分析:根据划线词的构成:pressing = press (压迫,逼迫) ing,因此判断D最合适:urgent adj.急迫的, 紧急的; puzzling adj.使迷惑的, 使莫明其妙的;terrifying adj. 使人感到恐怖的。

6. In the United States educational system, intermediate school is the transitional phase between the primary grades and high school.
A stage   B notion  C pattern   D alternative
6. A. 分析:根据划线词在句子中的基本结构:intermediate school is the..phase between .. and ...,因此判断A(阶段)是答案。

7 The house can't take more than 100 guests.
A hold B set C let D catch
7. A。分析:该题考察常见词汇的词义。借助句意(这间房子容纳不下100名以上的客人)判断答案为A(容纳)。Take: v. 容纳;装; Let: v. 允许,让, 出租;set: v. 调整;安排; (星星、月亮、太阳)落下,沉没

8. Everyone in the class participated in the farewell party.
A. contributed to   B. took pleasure in  C. took part in   D. enjoyed
8. C. 分析:participate in是常见动词短语,其含义是“参与”,C是答案。具有参与含义的短语还有:join in, be involved in等。take (a) pleasure in 以...为乐(另外可以记住的与pleasure 有关的短语是:with pleasure (愉快地, 高兴地); for pleasure(为了取乐, 作为消遣)),contribute to v.捐献,导致


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