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熟悉2016年职称英语考试阅读理解题型

发布时间:2016-03-01 来源:环球网校 发布人:wyznl

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职称英语考试中的阅读理解部分题型相对稳定,只要熟悉它们的出题方法与做法,并进行有针对性的训练,就能大幅度提高成绩。常见的题型主要有:

一、主旨题

这类问题主要测试考生把握主题与中心思想的能力。主要形式有:

1.The main idea of this passage is ________.

2.The passage mainly discusses ________.

3.What is the passage primarily(1.主要地, 首要地; 本来) concerned (2.感兴趣的;关切的;关注的)about?

4.What is the main topic(1.题目, 论题, 话题) of this passage?

除了上述直接形式外,还有隐蔽型主旨题:

Which of the following(2.下述;下列;如下) is the author(1.著作家, 作者)'s advice(1.劝告, 忠告, 意见) to the reader(1.读者)?

标题是主旨题的变体。主要形式有:

1.Which of the following would (1.(will 的过去式,用于转述)将,将会)be the best (3.最合适的;最恰当的)title(1.题目, 标题) for the passage?

2.The best title for this passage might(2.表示可能) be ________.

作者的态度、写作目的与主题和中心思想关系密切,可以看做主旨题的延伸。主要形式有:

问写作目的:

1.The author writes this passage mainly to ________.

2.The author's purpose (1.目的; 意图)in writing this passage is ________.

问态度:

1.The author's attitude(1.态度, 看法) toward(3.对于, 关于)s …… is ________.

2.The tone(1.腔调, 语气; 口气; 口吻) of this passage can be described(1.被看到的,被发现的) as ________.

此外,对于文章内容、风格与读者对象的评判也可归入此类题型。如:

1.The passage appears(1.出现, 显现,呈现) to be (is most likely) a part(1.一部分; 局部) of ________.

2.Where would this passage most (1.最(2.很, 非常(3.(与两个或两个以上音节的形容词或副词连用,构成最高级)最)))probably(1.大概; 或许; 可能; 几乎肯定;十之八九) be found(1.创办, 成立; 建立)?

二、细节题

这类问题测试考生把握文章细节的能力,主要与文中的考点相联系,如:最高级、惟一性、其他对比、数字年代、原因等。主要形式有:

(-)是非题(三正一误或三误一正)

1.Which of the following is TRUE?

2.Which of the following is NOT TRUE?

3.Which of the following is NOT MENTIONED in Paragraph ×?

(二)例证题

The author give(1.供给, 提供)s an example(1.例子, 实例) in Paragraph(1.段落) × mainly to show that ________.

(三)其他具体题,如问原因的

1) Which of the following may lead(1.带路, 领路, 指引) to (cause) ________.

2) The main reason(1.理由; 原因) for …… is ________.

三、词义题

这类问题主要测试考生使用词语搭配和根据上下文判断词义的能力。主要形式有:

1.The word “……” in Line (Paragraph) × most probably means ________.

2.In Paragraph × , the word “……” refers to (stands for) ________.

3.The word “……” in Paragraph × can be best replaced by ________.

指代题[“It” (“They”) in Line × most probably refers to ________.] 和句子意思题 (Which of the following statements is closest is meaning to the sentence “……” in Paragraph ×?) 也可以归入此类。

四、推理题

这类问题主要测试考生能否在理解字面意义的基础上,根据所读材料进行一定的判断和推理,进而理解文章的隐含意义和深层意义。

主要形式有:

1.It is implied in the passage that ________.

2.The passage implies (suggests) that ________.

3.It can be inferred from the passage that ________.

4.It can be concluded from the passage that ________.

5.From the passage we can infer (draw the conclusion) that ________.


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