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卫生类-阅读判断(11月9日)_职称英语网校

发布时间:2016-03-09来源:中华网发布人:wyznl


Cosmetic Surgery

Surgery that can improve the way a person looks is becoming more and more popular in the United States. This kind of surgery is called cosmetic surgery, and both men and women are turning to this treatment as a way of keeping their appearance young as well as keeping competitive in their jobs. Men especially are beginning to turn to face-lifts(面部拉皮手术), liposuction(taking fat out of the body), and implants (putting artificial parts into their bodies) to help them look younger. As companies downsize (缩编) and move younger employees into higher positions, older employees in their late forties and early fifties feel the need to look and act younger in order to stay competitive. These operations are not without danger, however.

One young woman had an eye operation to get rid of the bags under her eyes. She described her experience as terrible. She said, “When he started cutting, I was fully awake. Even though he’d given me an injection near my eyes, I saw everything.” She went on to explain. “I knew I had to keep still because of what he was doing. He was scraping(刮) away fat underneath my eyes. It took about ten minutes. After he finished, I felt I couldn’t walk. I was so faint.” Her troubles did not end after the operation for two weeks. Her eyes were swollen and almost completely closed and even dark glasses could not hide the side effects of the operation.

Liposuction, taking fat out of the body, is probably the most popular cosmetic operation in the United States. It seems simple enough. First, a small cut is made over the place where the patient wants the fat removed. Next, a small pipe is put into the cut. A machine like a vacuum cleaner is then used to suck the fat out of the body. However, as one doctor explained, some problems can happen after the operation. He warned, “Irregular lumps and loose skin can result from this operation. If it is not evenly done, liposuction can produce a very lumpy result.” Patients often must have more liposuction to correct the problem.

1、Cosmetic surgery is more popular in the US than anywhere else.

A、Right

B、Wrong

C、Not Mentioned

【正确答案】 C

【答案解析】 文章第一句只是提到,整容手术在美国越来越走俏,但并没有与其他国家进行比较,因此推断不出整容手术在美国比在其他国家更流行。

2、The way a man looks has little to do with the job opportunities he may have.

A、Right

B、Wrong

C、Not Mentioned

【正确答案】 B

【答案解析】 文章第二句提到,不少男女视整容手术为保持年轻和岗位竞争力的一种手段,因此说一个人的容貌与其工作机遇没什么关系是错误的。

3、There are hardly any risks involved in cosmetic operations.

A、Right

B、Wrong

C、Not Mentioned

【正确答案】 B

【答案解析】 文章第一段的最后一句话讲到,这些手术并非没有危险,因此说整容手术没有什么危险是错误的。

4、The young woman was by no means satisfied with the eye operation.

A、Right

B、Wrong

C、Not Mentioned

【正确答案】 A

【答案解析】 从文章第二段的第二句以及接下来的句子可以判断年轻女子对手术非常不满意。

5、The eye operation was such a failure that the woman refused to pay for it.

A、Right

B、Wrong

C、Not Mentioned

【正确答案】 C

【答案解析】 文章第二段只是讲了该女子为何对手术十分不满意,但并没有提及她是否因此而拒绝付费一事。

6、Not everyone is a good candidate for liposuction.

A、Right

B、Wrong

C、Not Mentioned

【正确答案】 C

【答案解析】 文章最后一段只是讲了抽脂术的步骤和可能发生的问题,但并没有提及适应对象问题。

7、Sometimes liposuction patients may have to undergo more than one operation.

A、Right

B、Wrong

C、Not Mentioned



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