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初一英语宾语从句知识点(二)

发布时间:2016-03-08 来源:中学网校 发布人:tusya

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初中网校为大家整理了初一英语宾语从句知识点(二),希望对大家的学习有帮助,为中考打下坚实基础。

宾语从句的语序

宾语从句的语序:在复合句中,宾语从句部分要用陈述语序。

(1) 陈述句作由that引导的宾语从句时,语序不用调整。

(2) 一般疑问句作宾语从句时,其结构为whether / if 陈述句。原一般疑问句的主语前如果是助动词do / does / did,应去掉,谓语动词应改为其相应的形式;原一般疑问句的主语前如果是don’t / doesn’t / didn’t,则直接将其放到主语之后;原一般疑问句的主语前如果是be 动词、情态动词或其他助动词,则应将其放到主语之后。如:

Does he like apples? I don’t know. ----- I don’t know whether he likes apples.

He asks: Is Tom a diver? ----- He asks whether Tom is a driver.

(3) 特殊疑问句作宾语从句时, 如果疑问词作主语或主语的定语,其语序不用变化;如果疑问词充当其他句子成分,则宾语从句的结构为连接代词 / 连接副词 陈述句。如:

Who can answer the question? I want to know. ----- I want to know who can answer the question.

Whose book is on the desk? We all know. ----- We all know whose book is on the desk.

When will they arrive? Please tell us. ----- Please tell us when they will arrive.

宾语从句的引导词

(1) 陈述句作宾语从句引导词用that。that在从句中不充当任何句子成分,无实际意思,在口语或非正式文体中常省略。如:

He said (that) it was cold in Moscow. Mother knows (that) Jim will work hard.

(2) 一般疑问句作宾语从句引导词用whether或if。whether或if表示“是否、是不是”的意思,不能省略。如:

I want to know if / whether the answer is right. Lucy asked if / whether they had a cheaper shirt.

(3) 特殊疑问句作宾语从句引导词用原来的疑问词,只不过在宾语从句中称作连接代词或连接副词。连接代词或连接副词在从句中充当一定的句子成分,有一定的意思,不能省略。如:

Please tell him which class you are in. He asked me whom I was waiting for.

Could you tell me where the post office is? Please ask the teacher how we can get there.

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