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考研英语阅读方法实例解析

发布时间:2016-04-19 来源:新东方在线 发布人:Too

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大家肯定看过很多做阅读的方法,我们在借鉴的同时,应该寻找适合自己的。拿到一篇考研英语阅读,该怎样从整体上把握呢?因此如何从整体上阅读文章是一个必备的技能,本文就通过四个不同文章来教大家怎样看考研英语阅读。

▶2008年text1

第一段:While still catching-up to men in some spheres of modern life, women appear to be way ahead in at least one undesirable category. “Women are particularly susceptible to developing depression and anxiety disorders in response to stress compared to men,” according to Dr. Yehuda, chief psychiatrist at New York’s Veteran’s Administration Hospital.该段有两句话,首句话有关键词while,表转折让步,因此着重把握后半句,女人在一方面是超越男人的。接下来是研究者的话也是很重要的,跟男人相比,女人在面对压力时更容易沮丧和焦虑不安。

第二段首句:Studies of both animals and humans have shown that sex hormones somehow affect the stress response, causing females under stress to produce more of the trigger chemicals than do males under the same conditions. 该句话在说荷尔蒙使得女人产生更多激发压力的化学物质。

中间各段落(浏览)三:Adding to a woman’s increased dose of stress chemicals, are her increased “opportunities” for stress.该句是说女人有更多机会产生压力。四:Dr. Yehuda notes another difference between the sexes.除了上边两段分别讲了化学物质量不同、机会多少不同,该段又阐述了另一个不同。五:Adeline Alvarez married at 18 and gave birth to a son, but was determined to finish college.这是个关于压力大的女人的例子。

末段:Not everyone experiences the kinds of severe chronic stresses Alvarez describes. But most women today are coping with a lot of obligations, with few breaks, and feeling the strain. Alvarez’s experience demonstrates the importance of finding ways to diffuse stress before it threatens your health and your ability to function.该段要注意but这一关键词,又是在重申女人们承受着诸多压力,并建议要及时纾解压力。

因此,总结来看,这篇文章首先提出结论--解释原因(三方面,并举例说明主题)--解决办法。这样在做主题题目时,就会易如反掌。

25、Which of the following would be the best title for the text?

[A] Strain of Stress: No Way Out?

[B] Responses to Stress: Gender Difference

[C] Stress Analysis: What Chemicals Say

[D] Gender Inequality: Women Under Stress.

A选项在讲方法,而涉及到办法的只有最后一段简单提及一下,并没有全篇论述;

C是涉及到原因的,但只涉及到三方面原因之一;

有争议的是AD选项,都涉及到男女对待压力的不同,而相对于A选项,D还更加强调了女性,因此结合文章首尾段的观点,这是比A概括更全面的答案。

▶2010年text2

第一段:Over the past decade,thousands of patents have seen granted for what are called business methods.Amazon. com received one for its“one-click”online payment system. Merrill Lynch got legal protection for an asset allocation strategy. One inventor patented a technique for lifting a box.该段是总分结构,第一句引领全段,后三句是三个小例子支撑第一句。看完第一句,千万别觉得是文章主题。从这要明白,不是所有文章都是在首段出现主题,一二段交接处很关键。

第二段首句:Now the nation’s top patent court appears completely ready to scale hack on business-method patents, which have been controversial ever since they were first authorized 10 years ago.要注意时态的变化,首段是现在完成时,这段笔尖一转,用了一般现在时态,并且内容是就首段的现象采取措施,关键的词语是scale back,下边的定语从句就不是那么重要了。这一句话同样也是文章的主题。

中间各段落(浏览)三:Curbs on business-method claims would be a dramatic about-face because......关键词curb on对应的是scale back,即对于这些专利的减少和限制。原因是细节,我们暂且不看。四:The Bilski case involves a claimed patent on a method for hedging risk in the energy market.看到case,这是一个例子,我们做到心里有数就可以。

末段:The Federal Circuit’s action comes in the wake of a series of recent decisions by the supreme. Count that has nurrowed the scope of protections for patent holders. Last April, for example the justices signaled that too many patents were being upheld for “inventions”that are obvious. The judges on the Federal circuit are “reaction to the anti_patent trend at the supreme court”says Harole C.wegner, a patent attorney and professor at aeorge Washington University Law School.该段首句并没有实质性的内容,而第二句又在重申话题---narrowed the scope of protections for patent holders,narrow沿袭上边的scale back和curb on。往下看,是涉及到例子的不用看。

因此,总结来看,这篇文章这样进行的构架:1、现象的现状:over the past decades,.....2、要发生的变化:scale back/curb on/例子/narrow down。要注意主题从二段开始,并且注意时态是个转变的信号。这样在做主题题目时,就会易如反掌。

30、 Which of the following would be the subject of the text?

[A] A looming threat to business--method patents

[B] Protection for business--method patent holders

[C] A legal case regarding business--method patents

[D] A prevailing trend against business-method patents.

围绕着business--method patents来说,从关键词scale back/curb on/例子/narrow down可以非常迅速排除B这一相反选项--protection;

而C是个例子不能够概括文章主题;

剩下AD,方向是对的,错在细节把握上,一个是looming(隐约出现的),一个是prevailing(盛行的),所以单词的记忆还是很关键的,这一趋势刚刚开始,并未大范围开展。


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