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大学英语四级语法大全之名词性that-从句

发布时间:2016-04-21 来源:新东方在线 发布人:zolo

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大学英语四级语法大全之名词性that-从句

17.2 名词性that-从句

1)由从属连词that引导的从句叫做名词性that-从句。 That只起连接主句和从句的作用,在从句中不担任任何成分,本身也没有词义。名词性that-从句在句中能充当主 语、宾语、表语、同位语和形容词宾语,例如:

主语:That he is still alive is sheer luck.  他还活着全靠运气。

宾语:John said that he was leaving for London on Wednesday. 约翰说他星期三要到伦敦去。

表语:The fact is that he has not been seen recently.   事实是近来谁也没有见过他。

同位语:The fact that he has not been seen recently disturbs everyone in his office.

近来谁也没有见过他,这一事实令办公室所有的人不安。

形容词宾语:I am glad that you are satisfied with your job.

你对工作满意我感到很高兴。

2)That-从句作主语通常用it作先行词,而将that-从句置于句末,例如:

It is quite clear that the whole project is doomed to failure. 很清楚,整个计划注定要失败。

It's a pity that you should have to leave. 你非走不可真是件憾事。

用it作形式主语的that-从句有以下四种不同的搭配关系:

a. It be 形容词 that-从句

It is necessary that…    有必要……

It is important that…    重要的是……

It is obvious that…     很明显……

b. It be -ed 分词 that-从句

It is believed that…     人们相信……

It is known to all that…   从所周知……

It has been decided that…   已决定……

c. It be 名词 that-从句

It is common knowledge that…  ……是常识

It is a surprise that…   令人惊奇的是……

It is a fact that…     事实是……

d. It 不及物动词 that-分句

It appears that…      似乎……

It happens that…      碰巧……

It occurred to me that…   我突然想起……

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