发布时间：2015-06-08 来源：新东方在线 发布人：
对比类型考题在历年托福独立写作考题中，会占到相当大的比重，此类例题比比皆是。例如，从 2015年1月份第一场托福考试起到最近的4月12日的9场考试10道考题(3月7日的考试有两道考题)中就有5道考题就是对比型考题(2015.1.25，2015.2.1，2015.3.7(1)，2015.3.7 (2)，2015.3.28)大家先来简单回顾几个托福真题：
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? University students should be required to take basic science classes even if they are not part of the field of the study.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important characteristic of a successful politician or leader is good communication skills.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Classmates and partner can communicate with each other face to face to finish the project better than by sending e-mail.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The rules that the whole societies today expect to young people to follow and obey are too strict.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Movies and television have more negative effects than positive effects on the way young people behave.
1)A or B
例如：Classmates and partner can communicate with each other face to face to finish the project better than by sending e-mail. (2015.1.25)
在选择观点时要么选择face to face communication 要么选择send e-mail.
2)A or (B)
例如： People will spend less time on cooking food in twenty years.(2015.3.7)
其它隐性对比考题还有：The professional athletes such as the football player and basket-ball player deserved high salaries to be paid?(2010.7.10)
3)A or B or C
例如：During time of economy crisis, government should reduce budgets in: (1)education, (2) health care; (3) support for unemployed. (2013.2.2)
Which way do you think is the best for a student to make new friends: (1) joininga sports team; (2) participate in community activities; (3) traveling (2014.3.15)
例如：让在A跟 B之间做选择，假设选择了A, 错误的写法是只写A的好处，而决口不提B,也就是在写作过程中忽略了对比，这样的论证其实是不完整的。完整但论证应该是继写A的好处，同时要提B没有这方面的好处或提B的坏处。下面给一篇对比类型文章的范文：
In order to celebrate important events such as graduation or a special birthday, some of them prefer a large party, while others prefer a small party that only close friends and relatives are invited.
Delightfully, our everyday life is rife with various kinds of celebrations. When celebrating major events, I prefer to hold a small party with only close friends and relatives invited for the following reasons.
Firstly, a small party is less costly. A small party does not require vast place or abundant supply of food and drink, thus helping to save money. For instance, when celebrating my 18th birthday, I chose to hold a small party at home, inviting merely my close friends and relatives. Instead of purchasing a tremendous amount of fast food as well as snacks, I prepared the food and the drink by myself with the assistance of my mother, which significantly lowered my expense. While the party was not held on some grand location, everybody was having a good time, chatting at my cozy home and eating my hand-made deserts. By contrast, had I threw a big party, I would have needed to rent a more spacious place, buy more foods and even have needed to temporarily employ some people to help organize the party, which would be quite costly.
Secondly, it is more convenient to organize a small party. Hosting a large party entails a wealth of time and numerous people during the process of preparation before the party and cleaning up after the party. In other words, to organize a large party, one need to invest considerable time and even needs to resort to others’ assistance, which has the potential to disrupt his/her life, thus leading to inconvenience. On the other hand, because there are only a few individuals invited, a small party requires far less time in setting up the place and preparing for food and cleaning up trashes. Considerably less time-consuming and energy consuming, a small party causes far less inconvenience.
Thirdly, a small party is more instrumental in promoting close relationship. In a small party in which only a few people are involved, each one can have more time and opportunities to talk with others. Also, since only intimate friends and relatives are invited, both host and guests can feel more comfortable, thus behaving and talking more naturally. All of these advantages of small party help to boost joy and promote relationship. A large party, however, is highly inferior in this aspect. To illustrate, in my high-school graduation celebration party, which was a huge one, I invited approximately 60 people. Theconsequence was that I was so busy introducing people to each other and busy controlling the party so that it would not descend into a mess that I barely had time to talk with my close friends. In the end of the party, I was exhausted and a little disappointed. After that, I realized a small party was, in reality, a more advisable choice.
As illustrated above, a small party has more merits of saving money, time and upgrading relationship. Hence, it is a more judicious option than a large party in celebrating major events.
1.body paragraph的主题句就要体现对比，例如范文中每一个body 的主题句都有more 或者less这样的比较级词;
2.body paragraph的论证部分也要出现对比，例如范文的观点是认为small party 比较好，但在论证时不仅论证small party的好处，同时也提到了big party在相关方面的弊端，两相对比凸显出small party是更好的选择。
c. A 有好处3，B没有
例如，上面的small party，big party就是按照这种论证方式来写的。