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考研阅读:把握分句衔接的十三大类别

发布时间:2016-05-10 来源:新东方在线 发布人:too

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弄懂分句之间的如何衔接与连贯问题是攻克长难句,甚至是提升阅读及写作翻译能力的重要关键。一般来说,一篇文章中涉及多种句式,比如说简单句、并列句又要有复合句甚至复杂复合句。要构造句子结构的复杂多变就必须讲究分句之间的衔接与连贯问题。下面我们为大家总结常见的十三大句式类别,大家认真把握之后,要攻克长难句,提升阅读翻译能力不在话下,赶紧学起来吧。

第一类

例1. Nowadays, the call for quality-oriented education is becoming widespread and the drawbacks of test-oriented education, which have aroused great concern throughout China, are becoming increasingly apparent.

例2 The sharp contrast hinges on the protection of the green house, which determines in a large measure the life and death of the lovely flower.

例3 This trend began during the Second World War, when several governments came to the conclusion that the specific demands that a government wants to make of its scientific establishment cannot generally be foreseen in detail.

例4 The researchers made great progress in the early 1970s, when they discovered that oncogenes, which are cancer-causing genes, are inactive in normal cells.

例5 I’m off to St.James Park, where I have to give a lecture on the theatre.

第二类

例1 By contrast, when removed from the green house, the protective umbrella, it struggles helplessly against the sudden attack of storms, only to wither away.

例2 Parents are too eager to mold their kids, disregarding their individuality with a callous attitude toward their personal development.

例3 School-age children are often seen carrying bulging bags on their backs, weighed down on their way to and from school every day.

第三类同位语或插入语的使用

例1 As is distinct from above, the number “13”, a long-held symbol of ominousness in the eyes of most westerners, seems to be plaguing them.

例2 By contrast, when removed from the green house, the protective umbrella, it struggles helplessly against the sudden attack of storms, only to wither away.

例3 Specifically, the number “6”, as they strongly believe, is closely associated with smoothness in the Chinese culture.

例4 There were twenty people present, to be precise.

例5 Roughly speaking, these countries are the most densely-populated in Asia.

例6 So we sleep well in a familiar, safe place, but we sleep lightly, if at all, when we fear that bears will nose into the tent.

例7 You can gain little, if any, learning in such a way.

第四类

例1 We now live in a society where competition in the job market rages, with graduates and job-hunters from all walks of life scrambling for desirable jobs.

例2 As described in the picture, an American girl is wearing a Chinese costume characteristic of some minority group, with a sweet smile on her face.

例3 These children can set their hearts at ease, with everything well- arranged by their parents.

例4 With education on all sides being enforced, our young college students will grow up to be qualified not only in their fields but, more importantly, in moral cultivation.

例5 He entered upon the new enterprise cautiously, with his eyes wide open.

第五类

例1 Rosy dreams shattered, they are bewildering at the junction: “To be or not to be? That is a question”--- Hamlet’s perplexed monologue are echoing in their ears.

例2 “Just listen to this,” she will say, her eyes glowing, her warm fingers pressed to my palm to hold my attention.

例3 The U.S. population expanding dramatically, the species of its wildlife has witnessed a corresponding decline in a span of two centuries (1800-2000).

例4 He went off, gun in hand.

例5 The floor wet and slippery, we stayed outside.

例6 The meal over, prayers were read by Miss Miller.

第六类

例1 Disillusioned and disheartened, they are most likely to be collapsed under the weight of life.

例2 Living in the warm nestle, safe and sound, they are utterly free from external hardships and ignorant of what the bare reality is like.

例3 They swarm into the job market, curious and excited.

例4 Moving and true to life, this TV series moved thousands of audiences into tears.


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