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考研英语阅读:学会筛选读与不读的内容

发布时间:2016-05-10 来源:新东方在线 发布人:Too

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考研英语阅读部分内容多,比重大,分值也高,很多考生感觉时间紧张,因此,掌握技巧,提高效率是提升阅读分数的重要途径。而如何提高效率,节省时间呢?考生要学会的就是筛选重点,针对题目进行选读。下面新东方在线分享通过真题实例和大家谈谈阅读中哪些要读,哪些可以不读。

理论基础

考研阅读的真题都来自于诸如 The Economists, Scientific American, New York Times, The Gardian 等西方主流的报刊杂志。这些杂志上刊登的文章通常是关于社会生活,政治经济、科教文卫方面的比较科学,严谨的文章。而文章的体裁通常以议论文居多。一篇议论文通常是有论点和论据构成的。论点是作者想要论述的观点,论据是为了证明所提出的观点的。

一篇文章中,哪些是论点,哪些是论据,我们必须要有清晰的认识。从重要性上来说,论点的的重要性远远大于论据。所以对于我们读文章来说,显然论点是重要的的,需要重点读的,而论据是次要的,可以略读或者不读的。

操作方式

那么,如何去判断哪些是论点,哪些是论据呢?从位置上来说,文章论点常常的文章开头的第一或第二段提出,段落论点常常的段首句或转折句,极个别的情况下出现在段尾句。从句子长度来说通常论点的句子比较简短。论据常常是一些举例或者引用的东西,往往还有一些时间,数据,人名,地名,机构名词之类特别具体的信息。

更具体的来说,文章中需要重点精读的内容为:段首句,转折句,根据题干定位的句子。

可以略读或者不读的内容包括:

有关职务、头衔、社会地位等补充性说明;通常这些信息是出现在人名,机构名词之后的定语或同位语。

② 两个逗号之间或两个破折号之间的插入语;

③句中破折号、冒号后面的旁支信息;

④复杂的难句中除了主、谓、宾以外的其他辅助信息;(除非与解题有关)

⑤出现for example/instance, 大写字母、数字等信息的内容

⑥对名人言论的引用的具体内容

实例分析

以1997年阅读理解第三篇文章为例,我们把可以略读的内容用下划线标示出来,那么结果如下:

Much of the language used to describe monetary policy, such as “steering the economy to a soft landing” or “a touch on the brakes,” makes it sound like a precise science. Nothing could be further from the truth. The link between interest rates and inflation is uncertain. And there are long, variable lags before policy changes have any effect on the economy. Hence the analogy that likens the conduct of monetary policy to driving a car with a blackened windscreen, a cracked rear-view mirror and a faulty steering wheel.

Given all these disadvantages, central bankers seem to have had much to boast about of late. Average inflation in the big seven industrial economies fell to a mere 2.3% last year, close to its lowest level in 30 years, before rising slightly to 2.5% this July. This is a long way below the double-digit rates which many countries experienced in the 1970s and early 1980s.

It is also less than most forecasters had predicted. In late 1994 the panel of economists which The Economist polls each month said that America’s inflation rate would average 3.5% in 1995. In fact, it fell to 2.6% in August, and is expected to average only about 3% for the year as a whole. In Britain and Japan inflation is running half a percentage point below the rate predicted at the end of last year. This is no flash in the pan; over the past couple of years, inflation has been consistently lower than expected in Britain and America.

Economists have been particularly surprised by favorable inflation figures in Britain and the United States, since conventional measures suggest that both economies, and especially America’s, have little productive slack. America’s capacity utilization, for example, hit historically high levels earlier this year, and its jobless rate (5.6% in August) has fallen below most estimates of the natural rate of unemployment -- the rate below which inflation has taken off in the past.

Why has inflation proved so mild The most thrilling explanation is, unfortunately, a little defective. Some economists argue that powerful structural changes in the world have up-ended the old economic models that were based upon the historical link between growth and inflation.

这样,我们的阅读量就大大减少了,而且根据这些剩余的内容,文章后面的题目,出来极个别的细节题,基本答案都可以毫不费力的做出来了,同学们不妨一试。


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