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考研英语阅读命题动向

发布时间:2016-05-12 来源:新东方在线 发布人:too

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随着时间的推移考研英语的命题也越来越有规律,难度也越来越趋于平稳合理化。每年考察四篇阅读文章,文章的长度也是趋于变长,有以前的近400词增长为现在的450词左右。这些文章都是命题者从外刊上选取的,基本都是英语国家的专家学者所著述的文章,学术性较强。建议考研的同学们在复习的前期一定要掌握阅读命题的动向。

一、文章选材有原则

当然按照《大纲》的要求,命题者会对文章的长度、以及超纲词进行调整,调整到适合研究生考试的难度。下面,文都教研老师通过一段文章来看一下,考研英语的真题是如何对英语源文进行修改的。

【文章源文】

The rough guide to marketing success used to be that you got what you paid for. No longer. While traditional "paid" media—such as television and radio commercials, print advertisements and roadside billboards—still play a major role, companies today can exploit many alternative forms of media. Consumers enamored of a product may, for example, create "earned" media by willingly promoting it to friends, and a company may leverage "owned" media by sending e-mail alerts about products and sales to customers registered with its website. In fact, the way consumers now approach the process of making purchase decisions means that marketing's impact stems from a broad range of factors beyond conventional paid media.

【2011真题】

The rough guide to marketing success used to be that you got what you paid for. No longer. While traditional “paid” media—such as television commercials and print advertisements —still play a major role, companies today can exploit many alternative forms of media. Consumers passionate about a product may create “owned” media by sending e-mail alerts about products and sales to customers registered with its Web site. The way consumers now approach the process of making purchase decisions means that marketing's impact stems from a broad range of factors beyond conventional paid media.

可以看出,2011年的考研英语真题将源文的超纲词enamored 改成了passionate,举例时television and radio commercials, print advertisements and roadside billboards删掉了roadside billboards部分。另外删减了for example和In fact这种无关紧要的连接词。所以同学们一定要背好大纲词汇,不用担心阅读中会出现太多的超纲词。

二、题目设置有规律

近年来考研英语的命题也越来越规范化,按照大纲中对英语阅读能力的要求,基本可以分为这样几大题型:

1) 理解主旨要义—→主旨大意题

2) 理解文中的具体信息—→事实细节题

3) 理解文中的概念性含义—→事实细节题

4) 进行有关的判断、推理和引申—→推理判断题

5) 根据上下文推测生词的词义—→词汇短语题

6) 理解文章的总体结构以及单句之间、段落之间的关系—→推理判断题

7) 理解作者的意图、观点或态度—→观点态度题

8) 区分论点和论据—→例证题

老师提醒广大考生:如今的考研英语文章特别强调时效性,与当今时事形势联系紧密,所以大家要养成多看外文期刊的习惯,关注国际上的新事物、新变化,那么你在考场或许能见到一篇你看过的类似的文章,这事儿完全是有可能的。另外,阅读文章的题目设置一直都是有规律的,所以大家在打好基础的同时,后期也要重视不同题型的解题方法,如此才能事半功倍,马到功成!


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