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托福口语:用英文解释什么是GDP

发布时间:2016-05-17 来源:新东方在线 发布人:zolo

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托福口语:用英文解释什么是GDP

GDP是衡量经济数据的重要指标。在托福考试真题中,涉及到经济学科的文章中可能会有提及。那么什么是GDP呢?GDP用英文该怎么解释?新东方在线托福网为大家带来托福口语练习:用英文解释什么是GDP,希望对大家托福备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线托福网!

【托福口语练习】用英文解释什么是GDP

GDP = consumption investment (government spending) (exports − imports)

A region's gross domestic product,or GDP,is one of the ways for measuring the size of its economy.The GDP of a country is defined as the market value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time.It is also considered the sum of value added at every stage of production of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time.Until the 1980s the term GNP or gross national product was used in the United States.The two terms GDP and GNP are almost identical - and yet entirely different; GDP being concerned with the region in which income is generated and GNP (or GNI - Gross National Income) being a measure of the accrual of income to a region.The most common approach to measuring and understanding GDP is the expenditure method:

托福口语:用英文解释什么是GDP

【托福口语相关阅读】

4月16日,国家统计局发布2014年一季度经济数据。数据显示,一季度GDP128213亿元,增长7.4%。

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The NBS said that preliminary data showed the nation's gross domestic  product (GDP) reached 12.8213 trillion yuan ($2.08 trillion) in the first  quarter, growing 7.4% year on year.

国家统计局指出,初步数据显示我国一季度国内生产总值(GDP)为128213亿元,同比增长7.4%。

国际统计局(National Bureau of Statistics)公布的2014年第一季度国内生产总值增速(gross domestic product/GDP growth rate)7.4%略高于市场预期(market estimates)的7.3%,开局平稳,总体良好(generally in good health)。经济学家表示,增速放缓意味着经济下行压力加大(heavier downward pressure on the economy),不过仍在合理区间内(within reasonable range)。

此次发布的数据还包括规模以上工业增加值(output growth of industries with annual revenue of 20 million yuan or more from their main business operations)、固定资产投资(fixed asset investment)、社会消费品零售总额(total retail sales of consumer goods)、全国居民人均可支配收入(average per-capita disposable income of both urban and rural residents)、居民消费价格(consumer price index, CPI)等。

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