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细说雅思口语备考中的四个阶段 - 雅思口语

发布时间:2016-05-17 来源:新东方在线 发布人:

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第一阶段(介绍)

须 知....

您一般会被问及关于您的背景和考IELTS考试的原因。您应对这类问题做好准备,在第一阶段表现的要求包括:

1)在轻松友善的态度下介绍自己;

2)用简单,准确而流利的言语提供您自己的基本资料;

3)表现给面试官知道您愿意表达自己和您有很多有趣的事要告诉他。

应做和不应做的事...

应做的事

1)保持微笑和保持眼神接触;

2)当和面试官握手的时候,用力一点以表诚意;

3)清晰和详细地回答;

4)大方的谈及自己的事情和经验以控制场面;

5)测验前多练习,以肯定您能准确运用过去式等等的语法。

不应做的事

1)不要告诉面试官您很紧张,也不要眨眼太多和眼珠有太多移动;

2)握手时不要让面试官以为自己在握着一条死鱼;

3)不要让对话在短句中中止;

4)当面试官期望您进一步说明,不要随便停下;

5)有语法错误时不要害怕,应镇定地更正,但在口语考试中,流利度绝对比语法准确度重要。

建议你用的字句....

试熟练以下句子: Good morning. Good afternoon. I’m very well thank you.And you? Pleased to meet you. What exactly would you like to know?   As you can see from my CV... Perhaps I can begin by telling you about... Recently, I’ve been studying at ... Recently, I’ve been working at ... I’ve been studying English now for (1 year)... The reason I’m taking the test is because ... Would you like to know about ...? Before that I studied at ... Before that I worded at ... At the moment I’m studying at ... At the moment I’m working at ... Have I answered your question? Is there anything else you wish to know?

第二阶段(进一步谈话和讨论)

须 知....

当面试官要求您详细回答一些事情时,您应察觉第二部分已经开始了。通常题目会是关于您的兴趣,您的工作和您的学业。您也许会被问及一件事的过程,一件物件怎样运作或一项游戏的规则等等。想在第二阶段有好的表现,您应该能做到以下几点:

1)不需面试官太多提示而流利地讲出个人见解;

2)能流利解释,描述或说明一件事情的发生;

3)表现出您愿意讨论这个题目,就算您对它不熟悉,您也可围绕着这个题目发挥。

应做和不应做的事....

应做的事

1)开始回答时,先表示自己对题目的看法;

2)您起码要想到至少两个值得讨论的要点;

3)在正式开始讲解前,先说明您会提到的要点;

4)对不认识的题目,您可尝试猜测。用“maybe”,“perhaps”等字会比什么也不说好。

不应做的事

1)不要说您不懂这个题目或您从来未想过这些事情;

2)当您听不明白问题时,不用担心,您可要求面试官重覆一次;

3)不要离题。否则面试官会以为您听不明白题目;

4)不要等面试官问问题,要表现出您有能力讨论题目而不需任何提示帮助。

建议题目....

讨论: ...

the advantages and disadvantages of the use of computers. ...

the banning of alcohol and tobacco advertising in the media. ...

price differences between various items in your country and Australia. ...

examinations at school in your country and their relevance. ...

the importance of video and television in education. ...

the pros and cons of living, studying or working in a foreign country. ...

the causes and effects of traffic jams in major cities. ...

the qualities and skills required of a good company manager.

描述: ...

the recreational facilities in your city/town. ...

the night-life in your city/town. ...

the public transport system in your city/town. ...

an interesting vacation you have taken recently. ...

how a vacuum cleaner or other modern appliance works. ...

your journey to this country. ...

your first impressions of (your host country).

解释: ...

the rules of basketball (or your favourite game or sport). ...

how space travel can be of benefit in the future. ...

why crime occurs in modern cities. ...

the need for an international language. ...

why you chose your particular field of study.

说明: ...

a folk story in your culture that has significance. ...

the plot of a good book you have read recently.

建议你用的字句....

Could you please rephrase that question/topic? I’m not exactly sure what you mean ...

I’m not exactly sure how to answer that question, but (perhaps) ...

That’s a rather difficult question, but (maybe) ...

I’m sorry, but I don’t know much about ...

However, it might be possible that ...

Maybe I can answer your question by telling you about a personal experience I had. That’s an interesting question ...

Let me see. Well, I suppose that ...

Well, I think there are 2 (or 3 or more) reasons:

First, ... Second, ... Finally, ...

In my opinion there are three ways of looking at it:

First of all, ... Next, ... Then, ...

Have I given you enough information? Would you like me to tell you more about ...?

Is that all you’d like to know?

I’m afraid that’s about as much as I know.

I think that’s about it.

I can’t think of anything else right now ...

第三阶段(诱导问题)

须知 ....

当面试官要求您问他/她一些问题来收集资料时,您知道第三阶段已经开始。这可以算是一种角色扮演游戏。想在这个阶段取得高分,您必须做到以下几点:

1)明白自己角色的处境并知道自己需要什么资料;

2)控制局面,问的问题必须能发掘最多的资料或能解决某些问题;

3)在面试官给您的一些卡片中选用一些准确和适合的问题发问。

应做和不应做的事....

应做的事

1)肯定自己完全明白自己所扮演的角色和处境;

2)将过程分开3部分:设定背景,询问问题和说“Thank you”和“Goodbye”;

3)在角色扮演前先说明您的角色和您想知道什么;

4)尽量问多些问题发掘所有资料,您至少需问10条问题。

不应做的事

1)当您对状况不肯定的时候,不要勉强假装自己明白,您可以请面试官再重覆一次;

2)在未设定背景前不要开始问卡片上的问题。尽量令对话显得自然;

3)不要在题目上找些字眼来组成问题,题目的作用只是一个起首的介绍,它有时并不能组成自然流畅的问题;

4)除非题目要求,不要问任何个人问题。

全真模拟角色扮演卡....

MOVIES AT THE CINEMA The examiner is a friend who has a part-time job selling tickets at the local cinema. Find out as much as you can about the movies showing this week.

Suggested topics:

- number of cinemas

- movie titles

- type of movies

- reviews

- screening times

- ticket prices

- discounts

HEALTH SURVEY

You have been asked to take a survey of people’s attitudes to health and fitness. Ask the examiner as many question as you can about his or her health and fitness. Suggested topics:

- exercise

- diet

- vitamin supplements

- visits to the doctor

- smoking

- drinking

- sleep and rest

第四阶段(思考和态度)

须知....

在第四阶段,您会被要求更详细地讲出您的未来计划。面试官会将话题带向关于您将来的一些计划,如您想有好的表现,您必须用到以下几点:

1)详细地谈及您的未来计划(通常是关于您的工作或学业),避免需要面试官太多提示;

2)详细讨论什么事情会或不会发生,讲出您对将来会发生的不同事物的看法;

3)用简单的语言讲出复杂的意思。

应做和不应做的事....

应做的事:

1)预先计划说话的方式,应怎样将您的未来计划表达出来;

2)准备所有可能的wh/how问题(即what, why, which, where, when, how 等等)的答案;

3)适合的句子和语法的表达;

4)对深奥的问题,您可尝试推测,尽量用简单的英语表达深奥的意思,不要随便放弃作答。

不应做的事:

1)不要回答得太简单。例如,被问及您的工作计划时,千万不要只回答“我毕业后便到一家公司里做”。您可说出公司名称,您可想象您的职位;

2)不要用太多“will”这个字,在英语词汇中有很多字都可用来表达将来的事。“will”这个字太确 定,不适合用在计划上。

编辑推荐:

新东方雅思培训辅导班

雅思辅导

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