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名师经典串讲:阎老师详解新概念英语第二册Lesson 2

发布时间:2016-05-17 来源:新东方在线 发布人:

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Lesson 2 Breakfast or lunch? 早餐还是午餐?

It was Sunday. I never get up early on Sundays. I sometimes stay in bed until lunchtime. Last Sunday I got up very late. I looked out of the window. It was dark outside. 'What a day!' I thought. 'It's raining again.' Just then, the telephone rang. It was my aunt Lucy. 'I've just arrived by train,' she said. 'I'm coming to see you.'
'But I'm still having breakfast,' I said.
'What are you doing?' she asked.
'I'm having breakfast,' I repeated.
'Dear me,' she said. 'Do you always get up so late? It's one o'clock!'

课文详解:

1. 起床:get up= get out of bed= be up;早起:rise/get up early in the morning
例:She rose with the lark. 她一大早就起床了。
an early(/a late) riser / an early bird: 早起(/晚起)的人
The early bird catches the worm. 早起的鸟才能捉到虫(捷足先登)。

2. It was Sunday. = Today was Sunday (again).
Sunday is the first day of the week but westerners start to work on Monday as they don't often work on Sundays. 星期天是一周的第一天,但是西方人周一才开始一周的工作,因为他们周日往往都不外出工作。

3. I sometimes stay in bed until lunchtime.

(1) sometimes =once in a while =occasionally =at times =not often =from time to time 有时,偶尔
例:My son raises queer questions ~. 我儿子时不时提出些奇怪的问题。

(2) stay in bed 躺在床上,卧床休息
例:The man gets injured in the fire, so he had to stay in bed for two weeks. 那人在火灾中受伤了,所以需要卧床休息两周。

(3) until 直到……时候才(开始做),在……(时间)之前(一直没有做)。
这里需要特别强调的是,我们一定要注意谓语动词是不是延续性动词,这个非常关键。

(a) 延续性动词谓语的句型:
A B (延续性动词) until _____ (时间点): A保持B的动作状态/状况,一直到_____ (时间点)为止(不再延续了/B动作结束了)。
I slept the whole night until 9:00 a.m. 我睡了一整晚,直到上午9:00才起床。
I worked in the field until my daughter called me back for lunch. 我在田里忙着干农活,直到女儿叫我回家吃午饭。

(b) 非延续性动词谓语句型:
A B [does not do/didn't started/began to do (延续性动词)] until _____ (时间点): A没有开始某个动作,直到_____ (时间点)才开始做这个动作,可是这个动作一开,就结束了,因为它不具有延续性。
The meeting didn't start until 16:20 and it lasted thee hours. It continued until 18:20 (it didn't end until 18:20.)
Train does not arrive at Xinyang Station until 11:00 p.m. so we still have enough time. I suggest we have a drink together. So we can stay together until you get on the train.

4. Last Sunday I got up very late.
You are late for school, so you may have overslept this morning. 你今天上学迟到了,所以说你或许睡过头了。
On Sundays I like to sleep late. 星期天我爱睡懒觉。

5. I looked out of the window/door.
look out of: 朝外看/张望

6. It was dark outside.
outside=outdoors=in the open air

7. 'What a day!' I thought. 'It's raining again.'
(1) What a day! =What terrible weather! 什么鬼天气!
(2) I thought =I thought aloud =I talked to myself 想到就说出,自言自语
(3) It's raining again. 抱怨天又下雨了。(进行时)

8. Just then, the telephone rang.
=All of a sudden, I heard the phone ringing (there was a phone call). 就在此时(突然间),有人打来电话。
=I was complaining about the bad weather when someone rang me up/called me/the phone rang.

9. I've just arrived by train.
= I travel by train (by taking a train) from my place to your place for a visit.
= I took a train trip to visit you from my place.
= I took a train to visit you and now I am in your city.
on foot 步行,by bicycle/bike 骑自行车,by bus 乘公共汽车,by car 乘小汽车,by train 乘火车,by land 由陆路,by plane/air 乘飞机,by boat 乘船,by sea 由海路

10. she said. 'I'm coming to see you.'
=I am on a trip to visit. =I make a point of visiting you.

11. 'But I'm still having breakfast, ' I said.
Have/take a meal =have breakfast/lunch/supper/a dinner 吃饭

12. 'What are you doing?' she asked.
=I can't believe my eyes, but at this hour you should still do that.

13. 'I'm having breakfast,' I repeated.
I repeated. =I said that again.

14. 'Dear me,' she said. 'Do you always get up so late? It's one o'clock!'
Dear me =Oh my God =Jesus Christ =My goodness =Good heavens =Good God =Holy cow =Well, I'll be a monkey's uncle. =I never thought Bill would remarry. 我的天哪!


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