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分析评分标准有效提高雅思口语 - 雅思口语

发布时间:2016-05-26 来源:新东方在线 发布人:

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很多人对口语的评分标准一直不是很清楚,下面我们就看看考官是怎么说的吧:

1. Pronunciation(Scored 2,4,6,8)

The first important aspect of this section is that there are only four different socre bands: 2-4-6-8, instead of the nine bands(1-9). Approximately 90% of Chinese candidates score 4 or 6 in this section.

The most common myth about the "Pronunciation" section is that many people place too much importance on accent. The pronunciation score is influenced by accent but there are other important factors wich influence the score.

"Pronunciation" covers the following language aspects:

1) How easily the examiner understands what is being said;

2) Word stress;

3) Sentence stress;

4) Intonation;

5) Evidence of first language accent.

2. Fluency and Coherence(Scored 1-9)

In general terms, the score for "Fluency and Coherence" refers to the way that the candidate speaks.

The features described in the marking system for this section include:

1)Ability to produce long responses;

2)How easily the candidate can produce long responses;

3)The amount hesitation;

4)The speed of speech;

5)Use of discourse markers/linking phrases/connectives;

6)The amount of self-correction

3.Lexical REsource (Scored 1-9)

Many people (even examiners)call this sectionas the "vocabulary" score.

There are some common misunderstanding about how this score is awarded.

I have often been asked the following questions:"How many words do I need to know to get vocabulary score of 7?"

This question is almost impossible to answer because the marking system does not base the "Vocabulary" score on how many words you know.

The "Vocabulary" section of the marking system is based on the type of words you use and how you use them.

The language points featured in this section of the marking system include:

1)Ablility to use less common words;

2)Use of idiomatic language;

3)Paraphrasing(explaining words that you don't know);

4)Ability to talk about unfamiliar topics;

5)Ability to convey precise meaning

4.Grammatical Range and Accuracy(Scored 1-9)

There are two aspects of this score —— "range" and "accuracy". This score is often misunderstood because many people believe that a high score is awarded if the candidate doesn't make any grammar mistakes. The score in this section is based on a number of different factors including:

1) Sentence formation;

2) Use of clauses(subordinate etc);

3) Use of complex structures;

4) Range of tense use;

5) Error density(the number of errors in each sentence);

6) The level of errors(whether the errors occur in basic or complex structures)

好了,以上是比较简单地罗列了口语评分时,所考虑的一些因素,大家看好以后,分析一下自己哪些方面还很不足,然后有针对性地训练一下。

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