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考研之英语(二)翻译题及答案1

发布时间:2016-05-28 来源:新东方在线 发布人:Too

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Directions:

Translate the following text from English into Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15 points)

Most people would define optimism as endlessly happy, with a glass that’s perpetually half fall. But that’s exactly the kind of false deerfulness that positive psychologists wouldn’t recommend. “Healthy optimists means being in touch with reality.” says Tal Ben-Shahar, a Harvard professor, According to Ben- Shalar,realistic optimists are these who make the best of things that happen, but not those who believe everything happens for the best.

Ben-Shalar uses three optimistic exercisers. When he feels down-sag, after giving a bad lecture-he grants himself permission to be human. He reminds himself that mot every lecture can be a Nobel winner; some will be less effective than others. Next is reconstruction, He analyzes the weak lecture, leaning lessons, for the future about what works and what doesn’t. Finally, there is perspective, which involves acknowledging that in the ground scheme of life, one lecture really doesn’t matter.

答案:

1.大多数人愿意把乐观定义为无尽的欢乐,就像一只总是装着半杯水的杯子。但那是一种绝不会为积极心理学家所称道的虚假的快乐。哈佛大学的Tal Ben-Shahar教授说,“健康的乐观主义意味着要处于现实之中。”在Ben-Shahar看来,现实的乐观主义者会因势利导,而非求全责备。

2.Ben-Shahar 会使用三种乐观的方法。比如说,当他进行了一次糟糕的演讲感到心情郁闷的时候,他会告诉自己这是很正常的事。他会提醒自己:并不是每一次演讲都可以获得诺贝尔获,总会有一些人的演讲效果不及其他人,下次进行改进即可。他分析了些效果不好的演讲并且从那些起作用和不起作用的演讲中吸取教训为将来做准备。最后,现在存在这样一个观点,即在生活的宏伟计划中,一次演讲是无关紧要的。


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