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四六级写作冲刺备考:常见错误分析(二)

发布时间:2016-06-01 来源:新东方在线 发布人:zolo

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四六级写作冲刺备考:常见错误分析(二)

(三)一致方面的错误

在一个句子内部或紧邻的两三个句子之间,要保持时态、人称、数等的一致。

(误)Whether one enjoys or resents advertisements, we are actually bombarded with it every hour of the day.

(正)Whether we enjoy or resent advertisements, we are actually bombarded with them every hour of the day.

【说明】代词应与所指代的先行词保持人称和数上的一致。句1也可改成Whether one enjoys or resents the advertisement, he is actually bombarded with it every hour of the day.

(四)平行结构方面的错误

这里专指语态、比较级、非谓语形式、冠词用法、可数名词和不可数名词、不定代词单复数以及时态等错误。

1.a.(误)Narrow streets easily cause to happen many traffic accidents.

(正)narrow streets easily cause many traffic accidents. (to happen)

b.(误)A great change has been taken place since then.

(正)A great change has taken place since then.

c.(误)But it may occur some new problems.

(正)But some new problems may occur/arise.

d.(误)Opportunities are only belonged to those who work hard.

(正)Opportunities only belong to those who work hard.

【说明】happen,take place,occur,arise等动词和动词词组一般既不能用作被动结构,也不能作为及物动词带宾语的。但学生作文中类似的错误较多:Our country has taken place a great change in many fields.

2.(误)The pace of our modern life is getting more faster and faster.

(正)The pace of our modern life is getting faster and faster.

(误)Electricity is the most important power in our daily life than other kinds of power.

(正)Electricity is the most important power in our daily life.

(误)Thus our city will be greatly beautiful than it is now.

(正)Thus our city will be far more beautiful than it is now.

【说明】这些都是在使用比较形式时出现的错误。尤其是第1例较普遍。如more easier,more stronger等。

(五)断句方面的错误

一句句子没有结束,又开始新的一句,结果造成句子结构不全,这就成为断句。

(误)TV becomes an important part in our daily life. Because we cannot live without it.

(正)TV becomes an important part in our daily life,because we cannot live without it.

【说明】以because,since,if等引导的从句是不能独立成句的,只能依属于主句,所以不能写成另一句。

编辑推荐》》

新东方英语四级

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