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2016年6月大学英语四级选词填空模拟题(04)

发布时间:2016-06-07 来源:新东方在线 发布人:zolo

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2016年6月大学英语四级选词填空模拟题(04)

【摘要】大学英语四六级考试作为一项全国性的教学考试由“国家教育部高教司”主办,每年各举行两次。从2005年1月起,成绩满分为710分,凡考试成绩在220分以上的考生,由国家教育部高教司委托“全国大学英语六级考试委员会”发给成绩单。2007年1月起,六级考试不再接受非在校生报名。每年为了满足广大考生的需要,方便同学们积极备考,下面请同学们跟随小编的整理,来看2015年6月大学英语四级选词填空模拟题,希望对同学们有所帮助。


Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any  of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage.

Worried about what people are saying about you? Concerns about gossip could influence behavior, including generosity, researchers said.

"As it turns out, the act of gossip can indeed be quite powerful," said Jared Piazza of Queen's University in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Piazza and Jesse M. Beringa studied the (36) of 72 college students who were asked to distribute tokens (代金券) with a monetary value between themselves and someone else.

Half of the group were (37) told their decision would be discussed with a third party.

"Participants who were told that the receiver would be communicating their economic decision with the third party were (38) more generous in their allocations of the tokens than participants who were not (39) to believe that their decisions would be discussed," Piazza and Beringa said in the study published in the journal Human Behavior.

They added that the most (40) strategy from an economic standpoint would have been for a student to (41) all 10 tokens to him or herself, but the threat of gossip seemed to have (42) their decision.

Although gender did not play a major role in the study, men were slightly more (43) than women.

"Allocations of males were, on average, slightly greater than allocations of females, although there were almost twice as many female participants," the researchers(44).

A previous study showed that gossip is more powerful than truth, suggesting people believe what they hear through the grapevine even if they have evidence to the(45).

A.added

B.beneficial

C.swayed

D.fabricated

E.reactions

F.made

G.still

H.significantly

I.allocate

J.thought

K.contrary

L.also

M.generous

N.led

O. economical

【答案解析】

36.E

语法判断:空格前面是studiedthe,空格后是of,故应填入名词。

语义判断:备选项中可以确定为名词的只有reactions,另外还有一个词thought,它既可作名词,也可以作动词的过去式。根据语义判断,只有reactions符合语义。故正确选项为E。

37.L

语法判断:除去空格,句子非常完整,语法上没有句子成分欠缺。因此,空格中所填词汇应当不是句子的主干成分,即不是主、谓、宾,而是句子的补充成分,最有可能是副词。

语义判断:备选项里副词有:still、significantly和also。从上下文语义进行判断,此句意为:“这些大学生中的一半人还被告知他们的分配结果会被第三方讨论。”因此.正确选项应为also。

38.H

语法判断:除去空格,这个句子从语法上讲也很完整。因此,空格中所填词汇可能也是副词。

语义判断:该句大意为:“被告知分配结果会被第三方知道的人,比那些未被告知的人明显要慷慨得多。”备选项中的副词只剩下still和significantly,综合考虑,significantly更符合语义上的要求。

39.N

语法判断:空格前面是were not,后面是动词不定式结构,从语法上判断,此处可能为形容词,也可能为被动语态(即填入过去分词)。

语义判断:备选项中的形容词有:beneficial、contrary、generous和economical,后接to believe都不合

适。可能为过去分词的有:added、swayed、fabricated、made、thought、led。根据语义判断,ted最合适,且lead与to为惯用搭配。

40.B

语法判断:空格前为themost,后面为strategy,故应填入形容词。

语义判断:备选项中的形容词有:beneficial、contrary、generous和economical。根据句意,正确答案应为beneficial,即指“最有利的”分配策略。

41.I

语法判断:空格前是for a studentto,空格后是alllotokens,因此从语法上来讲,不定式后应填入动词原形。

语义判断:备选项中的动词原形只有allocate。此句意为:“研究人员还补充道,从经济角度考虑,最有利的分配策略是把所有10个代金券都分给自己……”。

42.C

语法判断:空格前是seemed to have,空格后是their decision,语法上要求空格内填入过去分词。

语义判断:备选项中可能为过去分词的还有:added、swayed、fabricated、made和thought。sway one’s decision为惯用搭配,意为“影响某人的决定”,符合本句句意。故选C。

43.M

语法判断:空格前是more,空格后是than,这是一个比较结构,因此空格中应填入形容词。

语义判断:备选项中形容词还有:contrary、generous和economical,本句意为:“尽管性别差异不是该项研究的重点,但男性比女性还是要略微慷慨一些。”因此,generous为正确选项。

44.A

语法判断:空格后句子已结束。空格前是the researchers,再往前是一个直接引用的句子,也就是theresearchers所说的话。

语义判断:此句意为:“研究人员补充说:‘尽管参与该研究的女性数量几乎为男性的两倍,但平均来看,男性分给他人的代金券还是要略多于女性。”’因而added最符合句意。

45.K

语法判断:空格后面全文结束,因此语法线索在前,前面是the,在这种情况下空格中最可能是名词,但语法中亦有“me 形容词”表示名词的情况,如:me rich(富人)、the disabled(残疾人)等。

语义判断:此句意为:“此前的一项研究表明,流言比事实更有威力。这意味着人们更容易相信小道消息,即使他们掌握了事实相反的依据。”可见此处应为the contrary。

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