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考研英语阅读理解全真模拟题医学类(十一)

发布时间:2016-06-14 来源:新东方在线 发布人:Too

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Sleep is a funny thing. We're taught that we should get seven or eight hours a night, but a lot of us get by just fine on less, and some of us actually sleep too much. A study out of the University of Buffalo last month reported that people who routinely sleep more than eight hours a day and are still tired are nearly three times as likely to die of stroke——probably as a result of an underlying disorder that keeps them from snoozing soundly.

Doctors have their own special sleep problems. Residents are famously sleep deprived. When I was training to become a neurosurgeon, it was not unusual to work 40 hours in a row without rest. Most of us took it in stride, confident we could still deliver the highest quality of medical care. Maybe we shouldn't have been so sure of ourselves. An article in the Journal of the American Medical Association points out that in the morning after 24 hours of sleeplessness, a person's motor performance is comparable to that of someone who is legally intoxicated. Curiously, surgeons who believe that operating under the influence is grounds for dismissal often don't think twice about operating without enough sleep.

“I could tell you horror stories,” says Jaya Agrawal, president of the American Medical Student Association, which runs a website where residents can post anonymous anecdotes. Some are terrifying. “I was operating after being up for over 36 hours,” one writes. “I literally fell asleep standing up and nearly face planted into the wound.”

“Practically every surgical resident I know has fallen asleep at the wheel driving home from work,” writes another. “I know of three who have hit parked cars. Another hit a 'Jersey barrier' on the New Jersey Turnpike, going 65 m.p.h.” “Your own patients have become the enemy,” writes a third, because they are “the one thing that stands between you and a few hours of sleep.”

Agrawal's organization is supporting the Patient and Physician Safety and Protection Act of 2001, introduced last November by Representative John Conyers Jr. of Michigan. Its key provisions, modeled on New York State's regulations, include an 80-hour workweek and a 24-hour work-shift limit.Most doctors, however, resist such interference. Dr. Charles Binkley, a senior surgery resident at the University of Michigan, agrees that something needs to be done but believes “doctors should be bound by their conscience, not by the government.”

The U.S. controls the hours of pilots and truck drivers. But until such a system is in place for doctors, patients are on their own. If you're worried about the people treating you or a loved one, you should feel free to ask how many hours of sleep they have had and if more-rested staffers are available. Doctors, for their part, have to give up their pose of infallibility and get the rest they need.

注(1):本文选自Time;3/11/2002, p73, 3/4p, 1c;

注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象:第1、2题分别模仿1999年真题text4的第1题和text2的第2题;第3题模仿1998年真题text3的第2题;第4、5题分别模仿2004年真题text2的第3题和text3的第5题;

1. We can learn from the first paragraph that ____________.

[A] people who sleep less than 8 hours a day are more prone to illness

[B] poor sleep quality may be a sign of physical disorder

[C] stroke is often associated with sleep

[D] too much sleep can be as harmful as lack of sleep

2. Speaking of the sleep problems doctors face, the author implies that ________________.

[A] doctors often need little sleep to keep them energetic

[B] doctors‘ sleep is deprived by residents

[C] doctors tend to neglect their own sleep problems

[D] sleep-deprived doctors are intoxicated

3. Paragraph 3 and 4 are written to ____________.

[A] entertain the audience with some anecdotes

[B] discuss the cause of doctors‘ sleep problems

[C] show the hostility doctors harbor against their patients

[D] exemplify the danger doctors face caused by lack of sleep

4. By “doctors should be bound by their conscience, not by the government” (line 6, paragraph 5), Dr. Charles Binkley means that ____________.

[A] doctors should not abide by government‘s regulations

[B] the government is interfering too much

[C] the regulations about workweek and work shift are too specific

[D] law can not force a doctor to sleep while his conscience can

5. To which of the following is the author likely to agree?

[A] Patients should control the hours of their doctors.

[B] Pilots and truck drivers work in safer environments than that of doctors‘。

[C] Patients are facing more risks if their doctors are not adequately-rested.

[D] People concerned have the right to remove their doctors from their positions.

答案:B C D B C


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