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考研英语基础:阅读细节题如何分析

发布时间:2016-06-22 来源:新东方在线 发布人:Too

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在备考英语科目的过程中,如何提高做题效率? 细节题在考研英语阅读中起着重要的作用,下面就为大家分析考研英语阅读中细节题的解题方法。

第一、考生要了解细节题的命题模式

细节题包括事实识别,观点识别,因果识别及which题型。

题干提示词有:which,what,why,who,how,how many, cause, because, result, true, not true, mention, not mention等。

第二、考生要清楚解题核心技巧

a.定位:根据题干的定位词回文定位,寻找线索句。

特别提示:题目顺序与文章顺序基本一致,视情况灵活处理。 b.替换:将四个选项与线索句一一比对,表达方式不同意思最为接近的选项就是正确答案。

c.排除:排除干扰选项,再次确定正确选项。

第三、举例解析细节题

1.A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force. When the United Stated entered just such a glowing period after the end of the Second World War, it had a market eight times larger than any competitor, giving its industries unparalleled economies of scale. Its scientists were the world’s best, its workers the most skilled. America and Americans were prosperous beyond the dreams of the Europeans and Asians whose economies the war had destroyed.

51. The U.S. achieved its predominance after World War II because_____.(2000text1)

A. it had made painstaking efforts towards this goal

B. its domestic market was eight times larger than before

C. the war had destroyed the economies of most potential competitors

D. the unparalleled size of its workforce had given an impetus to its economy

解析:此题是细节题中的因果识别,根据题干中的定位词来找线索句:America and Americans were prosperous beyond the dreams of the Europeans and Asians whose economies the war had destroyed.通过线索句与选项进行一一比较,表达方式不同意思最为接近的同义替换选项是C。

错误选项分析:A选项painstaking efforts与原文的第一句中effortless success不符。B选项中than before与原文中than any competitor是不符的。D选项中unparalleled size of its workforce与原文中unparalleled economies of scale是移花接木。

建议考生在平时做完练习题后,要及时总结练习中所存在的问题,避免同样的错误再次发生。


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