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新概念英语自学导读:第一册 Lesson101-102

发布时间:2016-06-24 来源:新东方在线 发布人:

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课文详注 Further notes on the text

1. speak up,大声地说,清楚地说。

up作副词用时可表示强度等的由弱到强、由低到高:

Can you get up to that note ? 你能唱得到那么高的音吗?

2.He doesn't say very much,does he?他没写许多,是吗?

附加疑问句中的前后两部分的谓语在时态、人称和数上都要一致。回答这种问句时要简略,要根据事实回答。如果答语本身是肯定的,就用 Yes;如果答语本身是否定的,就用 No。

语法 Grammar in use

直接引语和间接引语

直接引语就是直接引用说话人原来所说的话;间接引语就是原话的转述。直接引语放在引号里,间接引语是把说话人的原话变成宾语从句。

间接引语中,宾语从句中的动词与主句中的主要动词在时态上必须保持一致。一般来说,主要动词用现在时,间接引语中可用现在时(包括一般现在时、现在进行时、现在完成时)和将来时。如:

She says she's got a headache. 她说她头痛。

He says he's staying at a Youth Hostel. 你说他正住在一家青年招待所。

He says he has sold his house. 他说他已卖掉了房子。

把直接陈述改为间接引语时,谓语动词形式的变化体现在人称上。如:

He says: 'I hope you are all well. ' 他说:"我希望你们都身体健康。"

He says he hopes we/they are all well. 他说他希望我们/他们都身体健康。

The girl says: 'I have finished my homework.' 那个姑娘说:"她已完成了家庭作业。"

The girl says that she has finished her homework. 那个姑娘说她已完成了家庭作业。

词汇学习 Word study

1.write v.

(1)写,书写:

They are learning to read and write. 他们在学习读书写字。

She writes legibly. 她笔迹清楚。

(2)写信:

I'll write to you soon. 我会尽快给你写信的。

Why didn't she write and tell him? 她为什么不写信告诉他?

(3)写作;作曲;当作家:

He started to write for the stage. 他开始成为一名剧作家。

He soon finished writing a symphony. 他很快就谱写成一部交响曲。

2.soon adv.

(1)不久:

It will soon be spring. 春天很快就要到了。

Soon she would have to resign. 她不久就得辞职了。

(2)早;快:

Why are you leaving so soon? 你为什么这么快就要走了?

He came sooner than we expected. 他来得比我们预料的快。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 102

A

1 She says she has shut the door.

2 He says he has put on his coat.

3 He says he has read this magazine.

4 They say they have spoken to the boss.

5 They say the sun has risen.

B

(sample sentences)

1 He says he has got a cold.

2 He says he feels cold.

3 He says he will sell his house.

4 He says he needs an X-ray.

5 He says he must wait for a bus.

6 He says he has got an earache.

7 He says he feels thirsty.

8 He says he needs a haircut.

9 He says he feels ill.


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