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考研英语:如何解析细节事实题?

发布时间:2016-06-28来源:中华网发布人:too
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细节事实题是考研英语阅读理解当中最重要的题型,也是占据比重最大的题型,每年基本20道题目中有一半都是细节事实题。接下来我们来讲解以下解题顺序:

1.标志:fact, truth;时间,数字,地点,大写字母,钱;专有名词。

2.根据题干中的标志词返回原文定位:

考生一定要每道题目都返回原文,这是解任何题目的基础,很多考生阅读得不了高分得最重要原因就是不返回原文定位。然而考研和四、六级考试不一样,四、六级考试每道题目基本都能定位到原文的某一句话,而考研直白地考一句话的概率很小,基本都是定位在某一段。

3.经常考察的是对原文中一些细节性、具体信息的阅读,因此一定要精确理解原文

这就是考验最大的特点,就是考察的非常细,不光光是一个句子,甚至于一个单词,一个标点符号都要正确理解。

4.正确选项应与原文同义表达:

我们把选项和原文重叠,记住“本本主义”,即与原文意思接近的,差不多的为正确答案,与原文意思相反的,或者只要是文中未提及的都是错的。

接下来我们具体以真题为例来阐述一下我们的解题步骤,如2000年第一篇文章:

It was inevitable that this primacy should have narrowed as other countries grew richer. Just as inevitably, the retreat from predominance proved painful. By the mid-1980s Americans had found themselves at a loss over their fading industrial competitiveness. Some huge American industries, such as consumer electronics, had shrunk or vanished in the face of foreign competition. By 1987 there was only one American television maker left, Zenith. (Now there is none: Zenith was bought by South Korea's LG Electronics in July.) Foreign-made cars and textiles were sweeping into the domestic market. America's machine-tool industry was on the ropes. For a while it looked as though the making of semiconductors, which America had which sat at the heart of the new computer age, was going to be the next casualty.

52. The loss of US predominance in the world economy in the 1980s is manifested in the fact that the American________.

[A] TV industry had withdrawn to its domestic market

[B] semiconductor industry had been taken over by foreign enterprises

[C] machine-tool industry had collapsed after suicidal actions

[D] auto industry had lost part of its domestic market

首先我们审题,根据题干中的1980s(数字),我们可以定位到原文第二段。然后逐一看选项A“电视工业萎缩回到了国内市场(即:该工业失去了国际市场)。”“根据第二段,到80年代中期,面对其工业竞争力的日益衰退,美国人感到无计可施(at a loss),美国某些大的行业——如电子消费品——在园际竞争的压力下,面临萎缩或消亡的威胁。到1987年为止,美国仅存的电视制造商只有Zenith 一家了(现在已荡然无存:Zenith于7月份——指文章写作年代的7月份——被韩国LG电子有限公司收购了)。这里并没有直接提到美国电视失去国际市场,事实上,它连国内市场也保不住了。因此A选项错误。B”半导体行业被外国公司接管。“第二段最后一句提到,在一段时间内,半导体制造业看上去好像要成为下一个受害者。”看上去好像“的潜台词就是”事实上并不是如此“,因此B与原文意思相反。C”机械制造业自取灭亡“,第二段提到了机械制造业”岌岌可危 “。这显然也是说它正在失去国内外市场,并未提到它的灭亡是由其自身原因造成的。on the ropes解释为”岌岌可危“并不解释为”自杀“。而第二段第六句提到,进口车和纺织品涌进(美国)国内市场。由此可知:D”汽车制造业失去了部分国内市场“与原文意思一致。选项D为正确答案。


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