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新概念英语自学导读:第一册 Lesson81-82

发布时间:2016-07-01 来源:新东方在线 发布人:

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课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.No, thanks, Tom. 不,谢谢,汤姆。

在别人请你吃东西时,如果你吃,就说Ok, thanks/Oh, thank you。如果你不吃,则说No, thanks。

2. Oh! 噢!

是感叹词,在这里表示惊讶。

3.Well, you're going to have roast beef and potatoes again tonight! 唉,今晚你们又要吃烤牛肉和土豆了!

是陈述句形式的感叹句。这里的well可理解为感叹词,表示惊讶。

语法 Grammar in use

完全动词have(3)

have可以代替常用动词,表示eat, enjoy, experience, drink, take等意义。这时的have是行为动词,所以与动作有关,而不像 have表示“具有”时(请参见 Lessons 59~60语法部分)那样表示状态(如 I have〈got〉a car)。因此,它可以用于各种时态。

如:

Have a cigarette! 抽根烟吧!

I'm having a drink. 我在喝酒。

We had lunch together today. 我们今天一起吃了午饭。

当have不表示“有”而表示其他意思时,其用法和英语中的其他动词相同,意即:在疑问和否定结构中,have的一般现在时和一般过去时形式必须用do,does和 did。

词汇学习 Word study

1. nearly v.

(1)几乎;差不多;差点儿:

The dinner is nearly ready. 饭马上就好。

I nearly missed the train. 我险些赶不上火车。

(2)极;密切地:

He resembles a film star nearly. 他酷似一位电影明星。

The matter concerns us nearly. 这事与我们有切身关系。

2.ready adj.

(1)准备就绪的:

Dinner will be ready in 20 minutes. 20分钟后就可以开饭了。

Are you ready to leave? 你是不是准备好这就可以动身了?

(2)预先准备好的;立即可得到的:

The apples are ripe and ready to eat. 苹果完全熟了,随时可以享用。

We must get the house ready for our guests. 我们必须把房子收拾停当,以期我们的客人随时入住。

(3)快的,立即的:

He gave a ready consent. 他立即爽快地表示同意。

This new system gives users readier access to the data. 这个新系统可以使用户们更快捷地进入数据库。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 82

A

1 They ate a meal at a restaurant.

2 We went for a holiday last month.

3 Eat a biscuit.

4 You enjoyed yourself.

5 They are eating their lunch.

6 I drank a glass of milk.

B

1 They are going to have breakfast.

2 They are having lunch.

3 He must have tea.

4 They had dinner.

5 They must have a meal.

6 He is going to have a swim.

7 He is having a bath.

8 He had a haircut.

9 They are having a lesson.

10 They had a party.

11 They must have a holiday.

12 They are going to have a good time.


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