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新概念英语自学导读:第一册 Lesson31-32

发布时间:2016-07-08 来源:新东方在线 发布人:young

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词汇学习 Word study

1.climb v.

(1)攀登,攀爬:

The children are always climbing trees.

孩子们总是在爬树。

He likes climbing mountains.

他喜欢爬山。

(2)逐步上升(增长):

The temperature is climbing steadily.

温度正在慢慢地平稳上升。

The price of gold climbed back.

金价逐渐回升了。

(3)(在社会地位等方面)往上爬:

He is trying hard to climb to the top of the social ladder.

他正努力爬到社会的最顶层。

He has climbed to a very high position in his field.

他已在自己的领域中爬到了一个很高的位置。

2.run v.

(1)跑,奔跑:

He is running quickly.

他正飞快地跑着。

He runs a mile every morning to keep fit.

他每天早晨跑一英里步以保持身体健康。

(2)流动;流出:

The current is running strong.

水流湍急。

Her eyes ran with tears.

她落泪了。

(3)追赶;追逐:

The dog is running after a cat.

那只狗正在追赶一只猫。

Many young men are running after that girl.

许多年轻人在追求那个姑娘。

语法 Grammar in use

现在进行时(1)

(1)在英文中若想表达此刻正在进行的动作或事件,要用动词的现在进行时形式。

现在进行时由be的现在时形式(am, is, are) 现在分词组成。如课文中的She's sitting under the tree. 和He's climbing the tree. 等句子均为现在进行时。对大多数动词来说,在动词后面直接加-ing即可构成现在分词,如doing, climbing。以-e结尾的动词,要去掉-e,再加-ing,如making。如果动词只有一个元音字母而其后跟了一个辅音字母时,则需将与辅音字母双写,再加-ing,如running, sitting。

(2)疑问式:将用了现在进行时的句子变成一般疑问句时只需将助动词提前。如:

He's reading a magazine.

Is he reading a magazine? 他正在看一本杂志吗?

(3)否定式:现在进行时的否定式是将否定词not放在助动词之后。如:

The dog is drinking its milk.

The dog is not drinking its milk. 狗没在喝它的那份牛奶。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 32

A

1 He is opening the window.

2 She is sharpening this pencil.

3 She is dusting the cupboard.

4 She is emptying the basket.

5 He is looking at the picture.

B

1 What is Mr. Richards doing?

Is he cleaning his teeth?

No, he isnt cleaning his teeth.

Hes opening the window.

2 What is my mother doing?

Is she shutting the door?

No, she isnt shutting the door.

Shes making the bed.

3 What is the dog doing?

Is it drinking its milk?

No, it isnt drinking its milk.

Its eating a bone.

4 What is my sister doing?

Is she reading a magazine?

No, she isnt reading a magazine.

Shes looking at a picture.

5 What is Emma doing?

Is she dusting the dressing table?

No, she isnt dusting the dressing table.

Shes cooking a meal.

6 What is Amy doing?

Is she making the bed?

No, she isnt making the bed.

Shes sweeping the floor.

7 What is Tim doing?

Is he reading a magazine?

No, he isnt reading a magazine.

Hes sharpening a pencil.

8 What is the girl doing?

Is she turning on the light?

No, she isnt turning on the light.

Shes turning off the tap.

9 What is the boy doing?

Is he cleaning his teeth?

No, he isnt cleaning his teeth.

Hes putting on his shirt.

10 What is Miss Jones doing?

Is she putting on her coat?

No, she isnt putting on her coat.

Shes taking off her coat.

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