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新概念英语第二册语法总结:五种基本句型

发布时间:2016-07-16 来源:新东方在线 发布人:young

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1.主 谓(不及物动词)

e.g. Man can think.
The fire is burning.
常用不及物动词有 break,  breathe,  burn,  smoke,  swim,  skate,  appear,  disappear,  work, think etc.

2.主 谓 表语(系动词)
e.g. He became a scientist.
She is getting more and more beautiful.
常用系动词: be,  get,  turn,  feel,  seem,  appear,  look,  taste,  sound,  smell,  become, go,  prove etc.

3.主 谓 宾(及物动词)
e.g. We love peace.
They will paint the door.
常用动词有:see,  watch,  need,  love,  like,  study,  answer,  carry,  etc.

4.主 谓 宾 宾补
e.g. We elected him president.
They painted the door white.
I advised the students to recite the texts.

王牌重点:常用作宾补的形式
(1)名词:
The couple named their baby Johnson.
(2)形容词:
I keep the door open.
(3)副词:
The naughty boy knocked the bottle over.
(4)不定式:
He ordered his men to fire.
(5)分词:
He heard me singing.
I saw the vase broken.
(6)介词短语:
They look on him as a teacher.
(7)名词性从句:
I asked him what he was doing.

5.(1)主 谓 间接宾语 直接宾语
My friend bought me a gift.
I passed him the book.
(2)主 谓 直宾 介词 间宾
My friend bought a gift for me.
I passed the book to him.

忘记就意味着背叛→

常与介词 for 搭配的动词有:
buy,  make,  do,  get,  play,  call,  choose,  cook,  fetch,  find,  keep,  order,  save,  etc.
常与介词 to 搭配的动词有:
bring,  give,  grant,  hand,  pass,  lend,  offer,  pay,  promise,  sell,  send,  show,  each,  tell,  throw, write, etc.


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