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新概念英语自学导读:第一册 Lesson53-54

发布时间:2016-07-18 来源:新东方在线 发布人:young

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课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.in the North=in the north of England.

North的首字母大写,是因为它单独使用,特指英国的北部。表示一个国家或地区的方位词一般要大写。本课中的方位词均表示国家的一部分:

in the East 在东部

in the West 在西方

in the South 在南方

但是,仅仅表示方位意义的方位词不需大写。如:

a north wind 北风

a south window 南窗

2.Which seasons do you like best? 你最喜欢哪些季节?

句中的best是副词well的最高级,作状语,修饰like。

3.The sun rises early and sets late. 太阳升得早而落得晚。

句中的early和late都是副词,分别修饰动词rises和sets,作状语。注意the sun中定冠词的用法。在英语中,表示世界上独一无二的东西(如太阳、月亮、世界、地球、天空、宇宙)的名词之前通常需加定冠词。

4.favourite subject of conversation, 最喜欢谈论的话题。

英国人见面时谈话通常是从天气开始的。一方面这与英国的自然地理情况有关,另一方面则与英国人的民族性格有关。谈论天气是任何人都可接受的话题,而且这可避免介入令人尴尬的或侵入私人领域的话题。

语法 Grammar in use

like (v.)与like (prep.)

like(v.)表示“喜欢”、“想要”(请参见 Lessons 47~48词汇部分),而like(prep.) 表示“像……一样”:

His car is like mine. 他的汽车跟我的那辆一样。

She is very like her sister. 她和她姐姐相像极了。

The new building looks like a big bird. 那座新建筑看上去像是一只大鸟。

词汇学习 Word study

1.mild adj.

(1)(天气等)温暖的;暖和的:

They had an exceptionally mild winter last year. 他们那儿去年冬天出奇地暖和。

The climate in the South is always mild and pleasant. 南方的气候总是温和宜人。

(2)(性情等)温和的:

John is a mild man who never raises his voice. 约翰是一个温和的人,他从不抬高嗓门说话。

I like his gentle and mild voice. 我喜欢他那温和而轻柔的声音。

(3)(食物等)味淡的:

Try this mild curry. 试试这种淡味咖喱。

He likes to smoke mild cigars. 他喜欢抽淡味雪茄烟。

2.rise v.

(1)(日、月等)升起;上升:

The sun rises in the east. 太阳从东方升起。

The curtain rises at 8.00 p. m. 剧在晚上8点钟开演。

(2)(河水、物价、温度等)上涨;升高;增加:

The level of the river is still rising. 河水水位仍在上涨。

(3)起身;起床:

My mother always rises early. 我母亲总是很早起床。

The house rose to the singers. 全场起立向歌唱演员们致意。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 54

A

1 Does the sun set late?

The sun doesn't set late.

2 Does he like ice cream?

He doesn't like ice cream.

3 Does Mrs. Jones want a biscuit?

She doesn't want a biscuit.

4 Does Jim come from England?

He doesn't come from England.

B

1 Where does he come from? Is he Australian?

Yes. He's Australian. He comes from Australia.

2 Where does he come from? Is he Austrian?

Yes. He's Austrian. He comes from Austria.

3 Where does he come from? Is he Canadian?

Yes. He's Canadian. He comes from Canada.

4 Where do they come from? Are they Chinese?

Yes. They're Chinese. They come from China.

5 Where does he come from? Is he Finnish?

Yes. He's Finnish. He comes from Finland.

6 Where does she come from? Is she Indian?

Yes. She's Indian. She comes from India.

7 Where do they come from? Are they Japanese?

Yes. They are Japanese. They come from Japan.

8 Where do they come from? Are they Nigerian?

Yes. They're Nigerian. They come from Nigeria.

9 Where does she come from? Is she Turkish?

Yes. She's Turkish. She comes from Turkey.

10 Where does she come from? Is she Korean?

Yes. She's Korean. She comes from Korea.


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