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2016新托福语法辅导:有关比较等级重要考点

发布时间:2016-07-26 来源:新东方在线 发布人:young

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一、考查比较等级的基本用法  1. Of the two sisters, Betty is _________ one, and she is also the one who loves to be quiet. (安徽卷)

A. a younger B. a youngest C. the younger D. the youngest

【解析】答案选C.根据句中的of the two sisters可知,此题涉及的是两者比较,故用比较级;另外,由于是特指两者中的一个,故其前用定冠词,不用不定冠词。

2. Of the two coats, I'd choose the _________ one to spare some money for a book. (四川卷)

A. cheapest B. cheaper C. more expensive D. most expensive

【解析】答案选B.因是两者比较,故用比较级,可将答案锁定在B和C之间;再根据句意,排除C.

3. Speaking of all the songs he has written, I think this is probably his _________ one. (全国卷II)

A. better-known B.C. best-known D. most-known well-known

【解析】答案选C.因为是从他所写的所有歌中选出一首来比较,故用最高级。

二、在语境中考查比较等级的用法

1. I don't think this film is by far the most boring. I have seen _________. (江西卷)

A. better B. worse C. the best D. the worst

【解析】答案选B.既然前文说“这不是最最烦人的电影”,那么下文说的肯定就“还有更糟的”,故用worse.有意思的是,2006年的这道江西卷的考题与下面这道2004年的湖南卷极为相似:That doesn't sound very frightening. Paul, I've seen _________. What did you like most about the film? (湖南卷)

A. better B. worse C. best D. worst

由前句“这听起来并不十分令人恐惧”可知,说话人曾见过比这个更令人恐惧的事,所以用比较级worse.

2. The new group of students is better-behaved than the other group who stayed here _________. (北京卷)

A. early B. earlier C. earliest D. the earliest

【解析】答案选B.做此题的关键词是new,即把“新来的学生”与“早些时候呆在这儿的学生”进行比较。全句意为:新来的这群学生比早些时候呆在这儿的那些学生表现得更好些。

3. There is an old proverb, “Love me, love my dog. ” But there is _________ wisdom in this: “Love me, love my book.” (湖南卷)

A. some B. much C. more D. most

【解析】答案选C.由于是将“Love me, love my dog”与“Love me, love my book”进行比较,故用比较级。此题的巧妙之处在于句中没有出现than,而是给出两个待比较的proverb. 4. With April 18's railway speedup, highway and air transport will have to compete with _________ service for passengers. (江苏卷)

A. good B. better C. best D. the best

【解析】答案选B.句子大意为:由于铁路提速了,所以公路和航空业要提高服务质量来竞争客源。因将“公路和航空”与“铁路”比较,故用比较级。


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