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2016新托福语法辅导:某些副词之后的倒装

发布时间:2016-07-27来源:中华网发布人:young
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某些副词和副词短语,主要是一些含有限定或否定意义的副词和副词短语,为了表示强调可放在句首,这时后面应跟动词的倒装(即疑问)形式。这类副词或副词短语中最重要的有:

hardly ever

on no account

hardly…when

only by

in no circumstances

only in this way

neither/nor

only then/when

never

scarcely ever

no sooner…than

scarcely…when

not only

seldom

not till

so

nowhere

例句如:

—I haven’t got a ticket.

—Neither/Nor have I.

—我没有票。

—我也没有。

I had never before been asked to accept a bribe.相当于:

Never before had I been asked to accept a bribe.

以前从来没有人试图向我行贿。

They not only rob you,they smash everything too.相当于:

Not only do they rob you,they smash everything too.

他们不仅抢劫你,而且砸烂所有的东西。

He didn’t realize that he had lost it till he got home.相当于:

Not till he got home did he realize that he had lost it.

一直到了家,他才发觉那东西丢了。

This switch must not be touched on any account.相当于:

On no account must this switch be touched.

这个开关严禁触摸。

He was able to make himself heard only by shouting.相当于:

Only by shouting was he able to make himself heard.

他只有叫喊才能让别人听到他。

He became so suspicious that…相当于:

So suspicious did he become that…

他变得这样疑心,以致……

注意:在一个句子中,第二个否定动词有时可以用nor来表达,并跟倒装语序:

He had no money and didn’t know anyone he could borrow from.

He had no money,nor did he know anyone he could borrow from.

他身无分文,也不认识任何可以借钱的人。(neither在这儿不太常用。)(关于副词和副词短语后跟动词的倒装语序和作主语的名词的情况,如Up went the rocket<火箭直升飞起>, By the door stoodan armed guard<门口站着一名手持武器的士兵>


重点阅读:

新东方托福

新东方托福培训视频:

托福辅导



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