当前位置:网校排名 > 新东方在线 > 新东方在线资讯 > 职称英语综合类词汇选项模拟练习(5)_职称英语网校

新东方在线

职称英语综合类词汇选项模拟练习(5)_职称英语网校

发布时间:2016-09-20 来源:新东方在线 发布人:wyznl

新东方在线0元免费畅学窗口

本部分为l5个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,要求应试者从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择l个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。
一、词汇选项

1.Techniques to employ the energy of the sun are being developed.

A) convert

B) store

C) utilize

D) receive

2.Since the Great Depression, the United States government has protected farmers from damaging drops in grain prices.

A) slight

B) surprising

C) sudden

D) harmful

3.Medicine depends on other fields for basic information, particularly some of their specialized branches.

A) conventionally

B) obviously

C) especially

D) inevitably

4.An important part of the national government is the Foreign Service, a branch of the Department of the State.

A) a unity

B) a division

C) an embassy

D) an invitation

5.We were astonished to hear that their football team had won the champion.

A) amazed

B) amounted

C) amused

D) approached

6.There is an abundant supply of cheap labor in this country.

A) a steady

B) a plentiful

C) an extra

D) a stable

7.All living organisms, regardless of their unique identity, have certain logical, chemical, and physical characteristics in common.

A) as a result of

B) considering

C) on purpose

D) whatever

8.The most crucial problem any economic system faces is how to use its scarce resources.

A) puzzling

B) difficult

C) terrifying

D) urgent

9.Human facial expressions differ from those of animals in the degree to which they can be deliberately controlled and modified.

A) sufficiently

B) noticeably

C) intentionally

D) absolutely

10.The Constitutions vague nature has given it the flexibility to be adapted when circumstances change.

A) imprecise

B) concise

C) unpolished

D) elementary

11.The expedition reached the summit at 10:30 that morning.

A) top of the mountain

B) bottom of that morning

C) starting point

D) site

12.The latest census is encouraging.

A) count

B) statement

C) agreement

D) estimate

13.Academic records from other institutions often become part of a university's official file and can neither be returned to a student nor duplicated.

A) borrowed

B) purchased

C) copied

D) rewritten

14.While serving in the Senate in the early 1970s Barbara Jordan supported legislation to ban discrimination and to deal with environment problems.

A) list

B) forbid

C) handle

D) investigate

15.Gambling is lawful in Nevada.

A) legal

B) irresistible

C) enjoyable

D) profitable

1. 「正确答案」 C

2. 「正确答案」 D

「答案解析」 依构词法:划线词的前部分是 damage(破坏),即damaging是动词damage的分词,所以推测该词义大概是“破坏的”。而备选答案都是常见词汇,其中只有harmful是“破坏的”,因此可以推断harmful是答案。

3. 「正确答案」 C

4. 「正确答案」 B

「答案解析」 研究画线词:branch是常见的,其语义是“分支,分部”。备选答案中invitation和 division的含义分别可依据构词法推出:invitation ——invite(邀请),division—— divide(分开),所以答案是B.另外unity是“联合”, embassy是“大使馆”。

5. 「正确答案」 A

「答案解析」 astonish 和amaze是近义词,表示“使惊讶”,而amount经常和介词to连用,表示“总计, 等于”, amuse是“使愉快”,approach“接近”,或作名词表示“方法,途径”。

6. 「正确答案」 B

「答案解析」 steady 和stable是近义词,都可表示“稳定的”。

7. 「正确答案」 D

「答案解析」 regardless of(不论)是常见的短语,whatever的含义是“不论什么”。

8. 「正确答案」 D

「答案解析」 crucial“至关紧要的”和 urgent“紧急的”含义最接近。

9. 「正确答案」 C

「答案解析」 deliberately是 intentionally 的同义词,表“故意地”。

10. 「正确答案」 A

「答案解析」 vague是“模糊的”,而备选答案中: imprecise = im precise(准确的); unpolished = un polished (擦亮的); elementary = element(成分) ary(加在部分名词后构成形容词的后缀)。

11. 「正确答案」 A

「答案解析」 summit 是"山顶".

12. 「正确答案」 A

「答案解析」 census 是"人口普查",不常见。Count (计算)的词义与其最相近。

13. 「正确答案」 C

「答案解析」 duplicate 不常见,是"复制",是常见词copy的近义词。

14. 「正确答案」 B

「答案解析」 ban不常见,是常见词forbid"禁止"的近义词。

15. 「正确答案」 A

「答案解析」 lawful = law ful,所以与law(法律)有关, legal是"法定的".


阅读推荐:职称英语培训 环球网校职称英语 新东方职称英语 环球网校职称英语培训 职称英语网校哪家好

上一篇:小升初英语作文精选:《Happy Summer Holidays》_小学

下一篇:职称英语重要语法知识点总结(14)_职称英语网校

相关阅读

老师推荐

扩展阅读