当前位置:网校排名 > 新东方在线 > 新东方在线资讯 > 雅思听力高频同义词转换介绍 - 雅思听力

直播课程
新东方在线

雅思听力高频同义词转换介绍 - 雅思听力

发布时间:2017-01-09 来源:新东方在线 发布人:young

新东方在线0元免费畅学窗口

21天雅思挑战

其实雅思听力有一个鲜为人知的特点就是同义替换词反复利用,反复出现,这样就为广大考生复习听力提供了很大的帮助,此外,很多学生都知道,雅思听力并不要求学生能够完全听懂,但是答案部分的同义替换的细节必须能够做到透彻的了解,才能正确作答。所以,我们就不能理解,雅思考试听说读写四项考试围绕的一个主旨就是同义替换,而在听力上体现的格外明显。因此,只要同学们对剑桥中的高频同义转换词了若指掌,那么你就真正能够洞若观火,处变不惊了。

一、答案类高频同义转换词

标题的意思是文中以下词汇在听力原文中高频出现,而且是以答案形式出现的。但是我们知道雅思听力的游戏规则是“所听即所得”,那么这类题目一般以选择题形式出现。下面我们对这些重点词汇或词组做一下总结。

A. wildlife = animals / plants / vegetation

实例回放:Cambridge8 Test2 Section2的20题:The shop contains books about: A.animals B. local traditions C. the history of the park. 听力原文:there is a wideselection of books on wildlife...同样的替换在Cambridge8 Test1Section3的27题,这次听力原文中作者说到:I’d like to see something about the local wildlife, andvegetation too. 选项还是animal。据统计,这个同义替换在剑桥中出现了四次,它的重要性可见一斑。

B. currently = at present / at the moment

实例回放:Cambridge8 Test2 Section2的19题:What can you see in the park at thepresent time? A. the arrival of wild birds B. fruit tree blossom C. ademonstration of fishing 听力原文:for example John Havers, our expert fly fisherman,is currently giving displays on the lake. 同样这组替换词在剑桥中出现频率也非常高。

C. book = reserve; booking = reservation

实例回放:Cambridge9 Test1 Section2的19和20多项选择:Which TWO pieces of informationdoes the speaker give about the fitness test? A. You need to reserve a place.原文:There are only a limited number of places available for this, so to make abooking phone... 特别强调,这对替换词在剑桥中不仅以选择题形式出现,其中reservation /booking也经常在填空题中出现,比如:Cambridge6 Test2 Section2的17题,同样的Cambridge7 Test1Section1的第5题。所以请同学们予以足够的重视。

D. a range of = a variety of

实例回放:Cambridge7 Test3 Section4的33题:The company focused their research on:A. a wide variety of hotels B. large, luxury hotel chains C. exotic holidayhotels 听力原文:The company’s research covered a whole range of different hoteltypes... 同样的替换在Cambridge4 Test4 Section2的13题的非答案部分。另外要注意在Insights intoIELTS的练习题里range曾经作为答案出现。

E. often = frequently

看似很简单的替换,但是考试中却频繁出现。实例回放:Cambridge8 Test3 Section4的31题:Compared tointroducing new business processes, attempts to copy existing processes are: A.more attractive B. more frequent C. more straightforward. 听力原文:It’s a lessglamorous activity than pure innovation, but it actually happens more often, asa matter of fact. 同样的在Official IELTS Practice materials中的40题出现了词组替换词。

F. convert= change

实例回放:Cambridge8 Test3 Section1的10题:Which TWO facilities in the district ofDevon Close are open to the public at the moment? A. museum B. concert hall C.cinema D. ... 原文:The only one (cinema) closed down last year, and it’s now inthe process of being converted into a film museum.如果学生知道这组同义替换,那么就可以用排除法,选出正确答案。另外convert在Cambridge9 Test3Section4的36题附近“客串”过背景单词。

G. complex = complicated

实例回放:IELTS Practice Test7 Section2的13题:Jack works with some advancedcyclists who want to develop: A. international competitive riding skills B.knowledge of advanced equipment C. confidence in complex road systems. 原文:We docomplete beginner and also advanced courses, that’s for urban cyclists who wantto do with the things like riding in the streets with complicated intersections,and things like that.值得一提的是,complex作为名词是综合设施,复合体的意思,它在剑桥也同样作为背景单词出现过,如:entertainment complex、sportscomplex。希望考生注意扩充自己的词汇。

H. maximum = up to; minimum = start from

这两对词很容易记,此处不再举例。

二、背景单词类高频同义转换

这类词汇虽然不如第一类直接作为答案,但是一般这类词的附近就是答案了。而且如果这类词经常在背景里“打酱油”,它们一旦出现了,答案也就不远了。

A. disadvantage = drawback / negative feature

实例回放:Cambridge8 Test1 Section38题:But a two-dimensional map will always havesome ____. 听力原文:But there is a drawback.... And that means there’ll always be acertain degree of distortion on a map.

那么相反的一组同义替换词就是:advantage = benefit / positive feature 这两组在剑桥中是屡见不鲜。

B. focus on = concentrate on / specialize in 这对替换词在剑九以及雅思练习题中经常出现。

C. majority = most / main 大部分

D. neighborhood = surroundings 周边环境

E. suburb = outskirts 郊区

F. cope with = deal with 处理;对付

G. species = breed 物种

H. important = essential / crucial / central 重要

I. enrollment = registration 注册

J. ahead of time= ahead of schedule = in advance 提前

到此为止,雅思听力中的高频同义转换词已经给各位烤鸭们总结的差不多了,当然这并不是全部,我们会总结出更多的同义词组。Anyway,希望同学们在考前对这些词组做到滚瓜烂熟,考试中做到耳聪目明,无论这些词作为答案还是客串,你都能很顺利地把它们的原形揪出来,这样你的雅思听力就胸有成竹了。

编辑推荐:

雅思辅导

上一篇:雅思听力需注意的冷门知识点盘点 - 雅思听力

下一篇:英语四级听力只为你量身定制 每天一练(10.23)

相关阅读

老师推荐

扩展阅读