发布时间：2017-05-04 来源：新东方在线 发布人：young
常见阅读考点出处之三 — 特殊标记
例1：In the past few years, prominent schools around the world have joined the trend. In 2003, when Cambridge University appointed Alison Richard, another former Yale provost, as its vice-chancellor, the university publicly stressed that in her previous job she had overseen（监督） “a major strengthening of Yale’s financial position.” (2009.12, cet4)
65. Cambridge University appointed Alison Richard as its vice-chancellor chiefly because _____.
A. she was known to be good at raising money
B. she could help strengthen its ties with Yale
C. she knew how to attract students overseas
D. she had boosted Yale’s academic status
【解析】文中提到，剑桥大学于2003年任命Alison Richard为副校长，而句中publicly stressed（公开强调）之后的内容即为任命她的原因，便是：在以前的岗位上她的监管使得“耶鲁的财政地位得到显著加强”。所以，推理可知，答案为A。
例2：Richard Got professor of astrophysics at Princeton, hopes man will set up a self-sufficient colony on Mars, which would be a “life insurance policy against whatever catastrophes, natural or otherwise, might occur on Earth. (2008.6, cet6)
66. According to Princeton professor Richard Gott, by setting up a self-sufficient colony on Mars, Humans_____.
A. might survive all catastrophes on earth
B. might acquire ample natural resources
C. will be able to travel to Mars freely
D. will move there to live a better life
【解析】题干中setting up a self-sufficient colony on Mars可在原文中直接找到，原文中which引导的定语从句表示的内容就是setting up a self-sufficient colony on Mars所带来的影响：人类能够应对地球上各种各样的灾难从而幸存下来。A选项中的survive all catastrophes on earth 是对原文的同义转述。
常见阅读考点出处之四 — 标点符号
网校四六级教研Julie老师为大家连续讲解的阅读考点常考出处第三大特征，也是最后一个特征就是：总有部分题目出自引人注目的 —— 标点符号处。在四六级阅读过程中，引人注目的标点符号，不得不关注的标点符号主要有两类：1. 引号；2. 小括号。
They are using fewer of the very deferential “women’s” forms, and even using the few strong forms that are know as “men’s” .
"If it's a loss [where] you're not getting to work, and family relationships are breaking down as a result, then it's too much." said Maressa Orzack, a Harvard University professor.
例1（引号）：Toebe also regularly visits a site where posters discuss Internet overuse. In August, when she first realized she had a problem, she posted a message on a Yahoo Internet addiction group with the subject line: "I have an Internet Addiction."(2010, 6, cet4)
8. In one of the messages she posted on a website, Toebe admitted that she ______.
【答案】had an Internet Addiction
【解析】首先分析结构可知，本空所填内容是充当that宾语从句的谓语，主句的admitted表明谓语应用过去时。原文提到Toebe在雅虎的一个上网成瘾群里发了一条消息，引号中的内容为这条小的的主题：“我有网瘾”。由此可知，Toebe承认自己“上网成瘾”。故答案根据时态要求进行修改为：had an Internet Addiction.
例2：（小括号）The use of deferential (敬重的) language is symbolic of the Confucian ideal of the woman, which dominates conservative gender norms in Japan. This ideal presents a woman who withdraws quietly to the background, subordinating her life and needs to those of her family and its male head. She is a dutiful daughter, wife, and mother, master of the domestic arts. The typical refined Japanese woman excels in modesty and delicacy; she “treads softly (谨言慎行)in the world,” elevating feminine beauty and grace to an art form.
57. The first paragraph describes in detail ________.
A. the standards set for contemporary Japanese women
B. the Confucian influence on gender norms in Japan
C. the stereotyped role of women in Japanese families
D. the norms for traditional Japanese women to follow
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