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英语六级真题阅读长难句分析(39)

发布时间:2017-05-25 来源:新东方在线 发布人:young

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小编前言:阅读是英语六级中重要的得分点和难点,对长难句的分析则决定了对阅读的彻底理解,也是学习语法,积累高级词汇、句型不可或缺的来源。而六级英语真题阅读部分均选自Times、Telegraph等著名外文报纸及杂志,其行文和词汇原汁原味,值得考生细细品味和灵活借鉴。准备2017年6月英语六级的同学们,还等什么?赶快学起来吧!同时,欢迎各位考生针对例句的翻译及分析给出自己的理解哦!

1. This group will still include middle-income seniors on Medicare, who'll have to dig deeply into their pockets before getting much from the new drug benefit that starts in 2006. (2006. 阅读. 6. Text 2)
【译文】这一群体中仍然包括依赖医疗保障制度的老年中产阶级,他们在享受到2006年起实施的新药改福利之前要投入大量积蓄。
【析句】复合句。主句This group will still include middle-income seniors on Medicare。主句后,who引导定语从句修饰middle-income seniors。而定语从句中,又包含定语从句that starts in 2006修饰the new drug benefit。

2. Buoyed by laws and court decisions, more and more older Americans are declining the retirement dinner in favor of staying on the job-thereby lessening employment and promotion opportunities for younger workers. (2006. 阅读. 6. Text 3)
【译文】由于受到法律和法庭裁决的支持,越来越多的美国老年人拒绝退休,选择继续工作——因而导致就业率降低,年轻人的晋升机会减少。
【析句】复合句。主句more and more older Americans are decling the retirement dinner in favor of staying on the job。主句前,buoyed by laws and court decisions是过去分词作原因状语;主句后,thereby lessening employement...workers则是现在分词作结果状语。

3. Senior citizen discounts only enhance the myth that older people can't take care of themselves and need special treatment; and they treaten the creation of a new myth, that the elderly are ungratelyful and taking for themselves at the expense of children and other age groups. (2006. 阅读. 6. Text 3)
【译文】老年人折扣只是强化了这种观念,即老年人不能照顾自己而需要特殊对待;它们也可能会产生另一种新说法,即老年人不知感恩,牺牲子女和其他年龄群的利益以满足自己的需要。
【析句】复合句。主句由两个分句组成,前句是Senior citizen discounts only enhance the myth; 后句是and they treaten the creation of a new myth。两个分句中,the myth后都有that引导的同位语从句,第一个同位语从句是that older people can't take care of themselves and need special treatment, 第二个同位语从句是that the elderly are ungrateful and taking for...,可以看出,两个同位语从句中都包含两个并列的谓语动词。

声明:本文句子翻译及解析为 英语原创,转载请注明出处。

 

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