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托福作文如何运用虚拟语气

发布时间:2017-07-20 来源:新东方在线 发布人:young

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托福作文如何运用虚拟语气。在写托福作文的时候,大家可能会用到举例,而虚拟语气是同学们很容易用到的,小编在这里教同学们运用虚拟语气的方法,希望大家在考试的时候能够正确运用。下面就一起来看看。

大家在举例的时候常常会这么说“如果………”,”假设………..”,即if………

先不说这种举例的好还是坏,就本身的句子而言,很多都是有问题的.

托福写作辅导总结了一些if的用法,大家考前看看

先看两个托福作文例子:

[Scenery]Sue has lost her watch. She think it may be at Ann’s house.

SUE: I think I left my watch at your house. Have you seen it?

(1) ANN: no, but I’ll have a look when I get home. If I find it, I’ll tell you.

If I find…., I’ll……

(2) Ann says: If I found a wallet in the street, I’d take it to the police.

If I found……, I’d(=I would)……..(而不是if I find, I’ll…..)

这里两个句子有着不同的意思,前者表示Ann觉得她有找到手表的真实可能性.因此才说if I find….., I’ll…..

而后者是完全不同的情况.在这里Ann没有考虑真实的可能性;她在虚拟这一个托福 作文 情景,并不认为真的可以在街上拣到手表.于是才说:if I found……,I’d……

if I do……….和if I did………的区别

用if 过去式(if I found / if you were / if we didn’t等) 表示虚拟的事情,而不是指过去时间发生的事情:

What would you do if you won a million pounds?

I don’t really want to go to their party, but I probably will go. They’d be offended if I didn’t go

Sarah has decided not to apply for the job. She isn’t really qualified for it, so she probably wouldn’t get it if she applied.

If从句中一般不用would:

I’d be very frightened if somebody pointed a gun at me.(而非if somebody would point)

If I didn’t go to their party, they’d be offended(而非if I wouldn’t go)

If …….would可以表示用来请求某人做某事:

I would be grateful if you would send me your brochure as soon as possible.

“Shall I close the door?” “yes, please, If you would.”

Would(‘d) / wouldn’t用于句子的主句(不是if从句)

If you took more exercise, you’d (=you would) probably feel healthier.

Would you mind if I used your phone?

I’m not tired enough to go to bed yet. I wouldn’t sleep.

另外,if引导的条件句也能引起倒装,如果要是在作文里用到,也是一个加分点:

先看正常语序.

It would be a serious setback, if the talks were to fail.

If you should need more information, please telephone our main office.

If Alex had asked, I would have been able to help.

倒装是要省略if

it would be a serious setback, were the talks to fail.

Should you need more information, please telephone our main office.

Had Alex asked, I would have been able to help

倒装句比if-从句更加正式.

但是在否定句里面,不可以用缩写

e.g.

Had he not resigned, we should have been forced to sack him(不用hadn’t he…..)

再多说一下,在新托福写作中,希望大家举例的时候能够写实例,因为实例有它的特指性和唯一行,当然,如果实在你没有经历过,在举例虚拟一个场景的时候, if起头,就不要弄错了。

以上就是托福作文如何运用虚拟语气。虚拟语气对同学们来说时经常会用到的,如果掌握得不牢固的话就可能会出错。所以上述的介绍希望考生们一定要记清楚。

 

重点阅读:  

新东方托福

新东方托福培训视频:

托福辅导

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