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考研冲刺高速路:英语写作范文之七

发布时间:2017-08-07 来源:新东方在线 发布人:too

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Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should:
1) interpret the following pictures,     2) give your explanation to the phenomenon.





As is shown in the picture, the petroleum consumption has got a rapid increase since the year of 1993.


There had been a decrease in the reserve of crude oil.


It is symbolically revealed in the picture that the largest petroleum consumption probably just begin to loom.


We can see clearly that if we do not hold back the consumption of petroleum, our crude oil reserves will be used up very soon.
【第一段是论说文的图画描述段。】
第一句根据图表分析了石油消费的增长趋势。
*句子剖析:as引导非限制性定语从句,主句为现在完成时态。
*petroleum consumption石油消费;get an increase 增长


第二句是根据图表分析原油储备的缩减趋势。
*crude oil原油


第三句综合分析图表,揭示石油消费看涨,引出图表寓意。
*句子剖析:It is…that…强调句式,that主语从句。
*loom迫近,隐现


第四句是本段的结论句,提出人们所面临的问题:若不控制石油消费,石油储备会被消耗殆尽。
*句子剖析:句子主干为We can see that…。that引导see的宾语从句。该宾语从句为复合句, if引导条件状语从句。
*hold back抑制,控制; be used up用完,耗尽


There are many reasons responsible for this phenomenon and the following are the typical ones.


The first reason is that the rapid economic development makes demand for petroleum increase continuously.
The second reason is that the modernization in industry, agriculture, national defense and science, definitely increases the petroleum consumption.
The third reason is that family cars are entering into Chinese family.
【第二段是说明原因段。】
第一句是过渡段,引出出现图表现象的原因。
*句子剖析:and连接的并列复合句;第一个单句的主干是there be句式,第二个分句是一个主系表结构。
*be responsible for 为…负责;形成…的原因。
第二句是第一个原因:经济发展增加石油需求量。
*make demand for…需求;


第二句是第二个原因:工、农、国防、科学等方面增加了石油消费。
*national defense国防


第三句式第三个原因:私家车。


Considering all these reasons, we need to take some positive measures.
On the one hand, our government ought to import more petroleum from other countries.
On the other hand, it is necessary for us to find other energy substitute for petroleum.
Only in this way, can we make a good preparation for the upcoming consumption peak.
【第三段是论说文的方法建议段。】
第一句是过渡句,引出下面的建议措施。
*considering引导原因状语
第二句提出第一项建议
*ought to do…应当,应该…;import…from…进口…


第三句提出第二项建议。
*句子剖析,it is necessary for … to do …、
*substitute for 替代…
第四句是本段的总结句,提出建议措施的必要性。
*句子剖析:Only表示“只有”在句首,后面的主句主谓倒装。
*make a good preparation for…充分准备…

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