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发布时间:2017-08-21 来源:新东方在线 发布人:too


1. Directions:

A. Title: Only Stricter Traffic Laws Can Prevent Accidents

B. Word Limit: about 200 words

C. Your composition should be based on the Outline given in Chinese below:

1. 每天全世界都有成千上万的人死于交通事故。

2. a. 开车的人越来越不注重自己的行为规范,公德意识越来越差。 b. 整个社会对肇事者持纵容态度,交通的发展给城市和乡村带来很大影响。

3. 制定>交通法规遏止交通事故的发生。









Only Stricter Traffic Laws Can Prevent Accidents

Though the possibility of living a long and happy life is greater than ever before, every day we cites the incredible slaughter of men, women and children on the roads. Man versus the motor-car! It is a never-ending battle which man is losing. Thousands of people the world over are killed or horribly mutilated each year and we are quietly sitting back and letting it happen.

It has been rightly said that when a man is sitting behind a steering wheel, his car becomes the extension of his personality. There is no doubt that the motor-car often brings out a man's very worst qualities. People who are normally quiet and pleasant may become unrecognizable when they are behind a steering-wheel. They are ill-mannered and aggressive, willful as two-year olds and utterly selfish.

The surprising thing is that society smiles so benignly on the motorist and seems to condone his behavior. Everything is done for his convenience. Cities are allowed to become almost uninhabitable because of heavy traffic; the countryside is desecrated by road networks; and the mass annual slaughter becomes nothing more than a statistic, to be conveniently forgotten.

It is high time a world code were created to reduce this senseless waste of human life. With regard to driving, laws of some countries are notoriously lax and even the strictest are not strict enough. A code which was universally accepted could only have dramatically beneficial effect on the accident rate.


A. Title: Parents Are Too Permissive With Their Children Nowadays

B. Word Limit: about 200 words

C. Your composition should be based on the Outline given in Chinese below:

1. 孩子成为家庭的中心,父母日渐失去应有的权威。

2. 父母对孩子的溺爱和忽视导致青少年犯罪。

3. 孩子的生活过于安逸对他们日后的成长不利。


Parents Are Too Permissive With Their Children Nowadays

There are countless articles on child care in magazines and newspapers. With so much unsolicited advice flying about, mum and dad just don't know what to do any more. In the end, they do nothing at all. So, from early childhood, the kids are in charge and parents' lives are regulated according to the needs of their offspring. When the little dears develop into teenagers, they take complete control. Lax authority over the years makes adolescent rebellion against parents all the more violent. If the young people are going to have a party, for instance, parents are asked to leave the house. Their presence merely spoils the fun. What else can the poor parents do but obey?

Children are hardy creatures and most of them survive the harmful influence of extreme permissiveness which is the normal condition in the modern household. But a great many do not. The spread of juvenile delinquency in our own age is largely due to parental laxity. Mother, believing that little Johnny can look after himself, is not at home when he returns from school, so little Johnny roams the streets. The dividing-line between permissiveness and sheer negligence is very fine indeed.

The psychologists have much to answer for. They should keep their mouths shut and let parents get on with the job. And if children are knocked about a little bit in the process, it may not really matter too much. At least this will help them to develop vigorous views of their own and give them something positive to react against. Perhaps there's some truth in the idea that children who've had a surfeit of happiness in their childhood emerge like stodgy puddings and fail to make a success of life.


A. Title: People Should Be Rewarded According To Ability, Or To Age And Experien ce

B. Word Limit: about 200 words

C. Your composition should be based on the Outline given in Chinese below:

1. 年轻人进入社会要对论资排辈的现实。

2. 社会上种种要素阻碍年轻人发展。

3. 雇主应该正确看待一个人的能力,按其能力付给报酬。


People Should Be Rewarded According To Ability, Or To Age And Experience

Young men and women join the hierarchy and take their place in the queue. They go to the very end of the queue and stay there no matter how brilliant they are. What they know is much less important than whom they know and how old they are. What they know is much less important than whom they know and how old they are. If they are able, their abilities will be acknowledged and rewarded in due course - that is, after twenty or thirty years have passed.

There seems to be a gigantic conspiracy against young people. While on the one hand society provides them with better educational facilities, on the other it does its best to exclude them from the jobs that really matter. There are exceptions, of course. Some young people do manage to break through the barrier despite the restriction, but the great majority have to wait patiently for years before they can really give full rein to their abilities. This means that, in most fields, the views of young people are never heard because there is no one to represent them. President Kennedy was one of the notable exceptions. One of the most tragic aspects of his assassination is that mankind was deprived of a youthful leader.

Resentment is the cause of a great deal of bitterness. The young resent the old because they feel deprived of the good things life has to offer. The old resent the young because they are afraid of losing what they have. A man of fifty or so might say, 'Why should a young rascal straight out of school out of school earn more than I do? But if the young rascal is more able, more determined, harder-working than his middle-aged critic, why shouldn't he? Employers should recognize ability and reward it justly. This would remove one of the biggest causes of friction between old and young and ultimately it would lead to a better society.'


A. Write an essay of about 200 words.

B. Your essay should be based on the outline below:

1. 主题句:人们对大学合并持有不同的态度;

2. 发展句: a. 一些人认为大学合并是建设世界一流大学的重要举措。 b. 另一些人认为大学合并有一些潜在的问题,如管理问题。

3. 结论句:大学合并利大于弊,但应考虑到带来的问题。


University Merger

University merger, a hot topic both on and off campus, has received much public attention. People's attitudes towards it vary greatly.

Some people favor it as an important step that universities take towards the goal of first-rate world universities. They argue that, only through mergers can universities give full play to their own advantages and make up for their disadvantages. Take the merger between Tsinghua University and the Institute of Applied Arts as an example. The former's strengths in the field of high technology complement the latter's reputation for art. They also point out that university mergers will increase the competitive power of Chinese universities in the world. In spite of these arguments, there are those who see it as a hasty decision which has some potential problems. They claim, for instance, located far away from each other, the universities involved in a merger are usually faced with the tough problem of management.

In my opinion, university merger has more advantages than disadvantages, but universities should take into account the potential dangers resulting from mergers.