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2016年大学英语四级阅读练习及答案(4)

发布时间:2016-03-09 来源:新东方在线 发布人:zolo

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In the 1960s, medical researchers Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe developed a checklist of stressful events. They appreciated the tricky point that any major change can be stressful. Negative events like “serious illness of a family member” were high on the list, but so were some positive life-changing events, like marriage. When you take the Holmes-Rahe test you must remember that the score does not reflect how you deal with stress—it

only shows how much you have to deal with. And we now know that the way you handle these events dramatically affects your chances of staying healthy.

By the early 1970s, hundreds of similar studies had followed Holmes and Rahe. And millions of Americans who work and live under stress worried over the reports. Somehow, the research got boiled down to a memorable message. Women’s magazines ran headlines like “Stress causes illness!” If you want to stay physically and mentally healthy, the articles said, avoid stressful events.

But such simplistic advice is impossible to follow. Even if stressful events are dangerous, many—like the death of a loved one—are impossible to avoid. Moreover, any warning to avoid all stressful events is a prescription (处方) for staying away from opportunities as well as trouble. Since any change can be stressful, a person who wanted to be completely free of stress would never marry, have a child, take a new job or move.

The notion that all stress makes you sick also ignores a lot of what we know about people. It assumes we’re all vulnerable (脆弱的) and passive in the face of adversity (逆境). But what about human initiative and creativity? Many come through periods of stress with more physical and mental vigor than they had before. We also know that a long time without change or challenge can lead to boredom, and physical and metal strain.

1. The result of Holmes-Rahe’s medical research tells us ________.

A) the way you handle major events may cause stress

B) what should be done to avoid stress

C) what kind of event would cause stress

D) how to cope with sudden changes in life

2. The studies on stress in the early 1970’s led to ________.

A) widespread concern over its harmful effects

B) great panic over the mental disorder it could cause

C) an intensive research into stress-related illnesses

D) popular avoidance of stressful jobs

3. The score of the Holmes-Rahe test shows ________.

A) how much pressure you are under

B) how positive events can change your life

C) how stressful a major event can be

D) how you can deal with life-changing events

4. Why is “such simplistic advice” (Line 1, Para. 3) impossible to follow?

A) No one can stay on the same job for long.

B) No prescription is effective in relieving stress.

C) People have to get married someday.

D) You could be missing opportunities as well.

5. According to the passage people who have experienced ups and downs may become ____.

A) nervous when faced with difficulties

B) physically and mentally strained

C) more capable of coping with adversity

D) indifferent toward what happens to them

参考答案

1. C 2. A 3. A 4.D 5.C

扩展阅读:

新东方英语四级

英语四级培训

英语四级辅导

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