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2016年英语四级选词填空冲刺练习(5)

发布时间:2016-03-10 来源:新东方在线 发布人:zolo

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大学英语四级考试的阅读部分有一种让考生普遍头痛的题型:选词填空。选词填空的考察形式是:一篇280词左右的文章,文章中挖出10个空,并统一给出A-O15个备选答案。下面一起做做新东方在线英语四级频道为大家整理的四级选词填空冲刺练习吧!

Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage.

They go to one of the world's most prestigious universities and pride themselves on their superior intellect but almost half of Cambridge students admit they are not immune from the temptation to cheat and submit essays they find on Google, a survey suggests.

The results of a(n) 36online poll of more than 1,000 students 37by the student newspaper Varsity found that 49 per cent of undergraduates pass other people's work off as their own at some point during their university 38. Only 5 per cent said they had 39been caught plagiarizing ( 剽窃).Academics in universities across the country have been 40 by their peers of turning a blind eye to the practice to 41their institutions to improve their national and international ranking.

One student told Varsity, "Sometimes, when I am really fed up, I Google the essay 42, copy and throw everything on to a blank word 43and jiggle ( 微调) the order a bit. They usually end up being the best essays."

Law students were most prone to ( 倾向于… ) plagiarism with 62 per cent of those questioned 44to breaking university rules.

A university spokesman told Varsity that it regarded plagiarism as a "serious and potentially disciplinary offence which can lead to failure to obtain, or withdrawal of a 45." He said the university was planning to introduce detection software to crack down on the problem.

36.【解析】0。从语法结构上判断,此处应填一个形容词作定语,修饰online poll。结合选项可知:只有scholarship符合句意,意为“针对l000多名学生的在线匿名调查”,故选O。

37.【解析】H。从语法结构上判断,此处应该是过去分词短语作定语,修饰online poll,从词意和句意上排除accused,故选H。

38.【解析】 C。此处需要一个名词作介词宾语。调查显示,49%的本科生在整个大学期间有不同程度的剽窃行为,故选C。

39.【解析】 E。从语法结构上判断,此处需要一个副词作状语修饰动词catch,此部分意为“仅有百分之五的学生说他们的剽窃行为被真正揭发”,故选E。

40.【解析】 L。此处需要一个过去分词。此句意为“全国各地多所大学的教员被同行指责为确保本大学在全国和世界范围内排名的攀升而对作弊行为置若罔闻”,结合第2小题,进一步确认此处应该填accused,故选L。

41.【解析】G。此处需要一个动词。参见上题的句意可知此处应该用ensure一词,故选G。

42.【解析】 D。此处需要一个名词作宾语。与essay相关的名词,只有title,此处意为“把论文的题目输入到Google搜索引擎里面搜索相关的文章”。故选D。

43.【解析】J。此处需要一个名词作介词宾语。此处的“a blank word document”意为“一个空白word文档”,故选J。

44.【解析】N。此处需要一个现在分词作作宾补足语。从语法结构上判断,此处是with的复合结构,因为宾语与宾补之间是主动关系,因此用现在分词admitting(with 宾语 现在分词),故选N。

45.【解析】l。此处需要一个名词作介词宾语。根据句意可知:作弊可能带来的后果是得不到学位或将已经颁发的学位收回,所以应该用degree,而不是scholarship,故选I。

扩展阅读:

新东方英语四级

英语四级培训

英语四级辅导

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