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2016年英语四级阅读练习及答案(6)

发布时间:2016-03-14 来源:新东方在线 发布人:zolo

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For an increasing number of students at American universities, Old is suddenly in. The reason is obvious: the graying of America means jobs, coupled with the aging of the baby-boom (生育高峰) generation, a longer life span means that the nation’s elderly population is bound to expand significantly over the next 50 years. By 2050, 25 percent of all Americans will be older than 65, up from 14 percent in 1995. The change poses profound questions for government and society, of course. But it also creates career opportunities in medicine and health professions, and in law and business as well. “In addition to the doctors, we’re going to need more sociologists, biologists, urban planners and specialized lawyers,” says Professor Edward Schneider of the University of Southern California’s (USC) School of Gerontology (老年学).

Lawyers can specialize in “elder law,” which covers everything from trusts and estates to nursing-home abuse and age discrimination (歧视). Businessmen see huge opportunities in the elder market because the baby boomers, 74 million strong, are likely to be the wealthiest group of retirees in human history. “Any student who combines an expert knowledge in gerontology with, say, an MBA or law degree will have a license to print money,” one professor says.

Margarite Santos is a 21-year-old senior at USC. She began college as a biology major but found she was “really bored with bacteria.” So she took a class in gerontology and discovered that she lied it. She says, “I did volunteer work in retirement homes and it was very satisfying.”

1. “...Old is suddenly in” (Line 1, Para. 1) most probably means “________”.

A) America has suddenly become a nation of old people

B) gerontology has suddenly become popular

C) more elderly professors are found on American campuses

D) American colleges have realized the need of enrolling older students

2. With the aging of America, lawyers can benefit ________.

A) from the adoption of the “elder law”

B) from rendering special services to the elderly

C) by enriching their professional knowledge

D) by winning the trust of the elderly to promote their own interests

3. Why can businessmen make money in the emerging elder market?

A) Retirees are more generous in spending money.

B) They can employ more gerontologists.

C) The elderly possess an enormous purchasing power.

D) There are more elderly people working than before.

4. Who can make big money in the new century according to the passage?

A) Retirees who are business-minded.

B) The volunteer workers in retirement homes.

C) College graduates with an MBA or law degree.

D) Professionals with a good knowledge of gerontology.

5. It can be seen from the passage that the expansion of America’s elderly population ________.

A) will provide good job opportunities in many areas

B) will impose an unbearable burden on society

C) may lead to nursing home abuse and age discrimination

D) will create new fields of study in universities

参考答案

1. B 2. B 3. C 4.D 5. A

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