发布时间：2016-03-16 来源：新东方在线 发布人：wyznl
English and English Community
1 There is no doubt that English is a useful language. The people who speak English today make up the largest speech community in the world with the exception of speakers of Chinese.
2 A speech community is similar to other kinds of communities. The people who make up the community share a common language. Often they live side by side, as they do in a neighborhood (街坊)，a village，or a city. More often they form a whole country. National boundaries，however，are not always the same as the boundaries of a speech community. A speech community is any group of people who speak the same language no matter where they happen to live.
3 We may say that anyone who speaks English belongs to the English speech community. For convenience(方便)，we may divide the speakers into two groups: one in which the speakers use English as their native language, the other in which the speakers 1earn English as a second language for the purpose of education，commerce，and so on.
4 Learning a second language extends one’s vision and expands the mind. The history and literature of a second language record the real and fictional(虚构的) lives of people and their culture; a knowledge of them adds to our ability to understand and to feel as they feel. Learning English as a second language provides another means of communication through which the window of the entire English speech community becomes a part of our heritage.
1、1、Paragraph 1 ________
2、Paragraph 2 ________
3、Paragraph 3 ________
4、Paragraph 4 ________
A. Threat Posed by English
B. Definition of a Speech Community
C. Benefits of Learning a Second Language
D. Advantages of Learning Chinese
E. Two Groups of the English Speech Community
F. A Widely Used Language
【正确答案】 1、F 文章第一段介绍说世界上除了汉语之外，应用最广的就是英语了。
2、B 文章第二段主要讲的是什么是“a speech community”，即“a speech community”的定义。
3、E 文章第三段进而将“the English speech community”分为两组，即以英语为母语的人为一组和以英语为第二语言的人为一组。
2、5、Overall there are more speakers of Chinese than of ________.
6、The boundaries of a speech community may be different from ________.
7、People who live in different places may belong to ________.
8、Many people learn English as ________.
A. a second language
B. the same language
C. the same speech community
D. any other language
E. national boundaries
F. a part of one’s heritage
【正确答案】 5、D 从文章第一段可以得知，说汉语的人比说任何其他语言的人都要多。
6、E 从文章第二段可以得知，“a speech community”的边界与一个国家的边界有可能不同。
7、C 从文章第二段可以得知，居住在不同地区的人们却有可能同属一个“speech community”。