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综合类-概括大意(2月5日)_职称英语网校

发布时间:2016-03-16 来源:新东方在线 发布人:wyznl

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概括大意与完成句子

Horticulture

(1)Horticulture is the science and art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants. The word horticulture originates from the Latin words horta, which means garden, and culture, which means cultivation.

(2)Human use of plants for food and ornament has its origin in antiquity. As civilization evolved, the deliberate cultivation and domestication of edible plants replaced less efficient food-gathering practices of primitive societies. The advancement of horticulture is intertwined with the history of civilization and of scientific and technological development from the earliest times to the present. Horticulture and agriculture are not modern-day inventions but have gone through continuous transformation as civilization progressed technologically.

(3)Horticulture has many branches and can be divided into categories based on types of plants. Fruit culture is the branch of horticulture that covers the growing of tree fruits such as apples and oranges. Vegetable culture is the growing of vegetables. Vegetables are grown for their fruits, leaves, roots, or pods. This branch of horticulture is often the most popular with homeowners.

(4)Unlike fruit trees, vegetables usually have a short growing season and must be replanted each year. Ornamental horticulture is the production and use of plants as ornaments, whether they are used in open spaces or containers. Landscape horticulture is the use of ornamental plants and trees with other elements to beautify an area. Shopping malls, playgrounds, homes, and office complexes have ornamental plants and trees to make the area more pleasing.

(5)Growing, harvesting, and tasting your own fresh fruit is one of the most satisfying pleasure of having a garden. A fruit garden may be highly decorative as well as productive. Fruit trees can be trained to grow in a variety of ways: rows of trees, bushes, or in containers. Fruit trees can be grown in a separate area or among other plants. Most fruit trees are not self-fertile and need to be planted by a tree of the same fruit. Fruit trees require fertile, well-drained soil, plenty of sun, spray protection against insects, and annual pruning.

(6)Apples are one of the most widely grown fruits. There are about 7,000 varieties worldwide, with 2,500 in the United States alone. Apples are available fresh throughout the year. Apples are ripe when picked and need to be kept cold so they do not become soft. It takes only two days on the counter for apples to lose their crispness. When refrigerated, apples will keep for about six weeks.

1、Paragraph 3 __________

A、The Use of Fertilizer in Gardens

B、The Etymology of the Word Horticulture

C、Gardening as a Hobby

D、Different Types of Horticulture

E、Tips on keeping a Fruit Garden

F、Horticulture as Part of Human Civilization

【正确答案】D

2、Paragraph 4 __________

A、The Use of Fertilizer in Gardens

B、The Etymology of the Word Horticulture

C、Gardening as a Hobby

D、Different Types of Horticulture

E、Tips on keeping a Fruit Garden

F、Horticulture as Part of Human Civilization

【正确答案】E

3、There was once a time when humans gathered wild plants to eat instead of _____.

A、deliberately growing vegetables and fruits

B、apple trees are easier to plant than other fruit trees

C、they must be planted once a year

D、both decorative and productive

E、human society progressed

F、a means to cure disease of various kinds

【正确答案】A

4、Horticulture developed as _____.

A、deliberately growing vegetables and fruits

B、apple trees are easier to plant than other fruit trees

C、they must be planted once a year

D、both decorative and productive

E、human society progressed

F、a means to cure disease of various kinds

【正确答案】E

5、Vegetables have a shorter growing period than fruits and _____.

A、deliberately growing vegetables and fruits

B、apple trees are easier to plant than other fruit trees

C、they must be planted once a year

D、both decorative and productive

E、human society progressed

F、a means to cure disease of various kinds

【正确答案】C

6、Horticulture provides us with not only fruits but sometimes also _____.

A、deliberately growing vegetables and fruits

B、apple trees are easier to plant than other fruit trees

C、they must be planted once a year

D、both decorative and productive

E、human society progressed

F、a means to cure disease of various kinds

【正确答案】F

7、Paragraph 1 __________

A、The Use of Fertilizer in Gardens

B、The Etymology of the Word Horticulture

C、Gardening as a Hobby

D、Different Types of Horticulture

E、Tips on keeping a Fruit Garden

F、Horticulture as Part of Human Civilization

【正确答案】B

8、Paragraph 2 __________

A、The Use of Fertilizer in Gardens

B、The Etymology of the Word Horticulture

C、Gardening as a Hobby

D、Different Types of Horticulture

E、Tips on keeping a Fruit Garden

F、Horticulture as Part of Human Civilization

【正确答案】F



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