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综合类-概括大意(2月23日)_职称英语网校

发布时间:2016-03-17 来源:新东方在线 发布人:wyznl

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概括大意与完成句子

Successful Language Learners

Some people seem to have a knack for learning languages. They can pick up new vocabulary, master rules or grammar, and learn to write in the new language more quickly than others. They do not seem to be any more intelligent than others, so what makes language learning so much easier for them? Perhaps if we take a close look at these successful language learners, we may discover a few of the techniques which make language learning easier for them.

First of all,successful language learners are independent learners. They do not depend on the book or the teacher; they discover their own way to learn the language. Instead of waiting for the teacher to explain,they try to find the patterns and the rules for themselves. They are good guessers who look for clues and form their own conclusions. When they guess wrong,they guess again. They try to learn from mistakes.

Successful language learning is active learning. Therefore,successful learners do not wait for a chance to use the language; they look for such a chance. They find people who speak the language and they ask these people to correct them when they make a mistake. They will try anything to communicate. They are not afraid to repeat what they hear or to say strange things; they are willing to make mistakes and try again. When communication is difficult,they can accept information that is inexact or incomplete. It is more important for them to learn to think in the language than to know the meaning of every word.

Finally, successful language learners are learners with a purpose. They want to learn the language because they are interested in the language and the people who speak it. It is necessary for them to learn the language in order to communicate with these people and to learn from them. They find it easy to practice using the language regularly because they want to learn with it.

What kind of language learner are you? If you are a successful language learner,you have probably been learning independently,actively,and purposefully. On the other hand,if your language learning has been less than successful,you might as well try some of the techniques outlined(概要) above.

1、Paragraph 1_________

A、Ways to Learn a Language Successfully

B、Learning a language Purposefully

C、Learning a Language Actively

D、Learning a Language Independently

E、Learning from Mistakes

F、Learning to Think in the Target Language

【正确答案】 A

【答案解析】 第一段段首句的含义为“一些人好像有学习语言的诀窍。”再看该段的最后一句,这一句是说“我们可能会发现使他们学习语言容易的技巧”。所以据此判断该段的标题中应包含有“技巧,诀窍”这类词。 于是在备选答案中进行筛选,发现A合适:way的语义是“方法”, 而“方法”与“技巧,诀窍”是近义词。A句的含义为“成功地学好语言的方法”,此句义与该段最后一句的含义吻合。因此,A是合适的选择。

2、Paragraph 2_________

A、Ways to Learn a Language Successfully

B、Learning a language Purposefully

C、Learning a Language Actively

D、Learning a Language Independently

E、Learning from Mistakes

F、Learning to Think in the Target Language

【正确答案】 D

【答案解析】 第二段段首句的含义为“首先,成功的语言学习者是独立学习的人。”再看该段的最后一句,这一句是说“他们努力从所犯的错误中学到经验”,这两句似乎差别太大。于是扫视该段,不难发现该段多处有their own way(自己的方法)和 find…for themselves(自己寻找)这样的短语,所以据此判断该段的标题中应与“自己或独立”这类词相关。在备选答案中进行筛选,发现D合适:independently正合此意。D句的含义为“独立地学习语言”,此句义与该段第一句的含义吻合。因此,D是合适的选择。

3、Paragraph 3_________

A、Ways to Learn a Language Successfully

B、Learning a language Purposefully

C、Learning a Language Actively

D、Learning a Language Independently

E、Learning from Mistakes

F、Learning to Think in the Target Language

【正确答案】 C

【答案解析】 第三段段首句的含义为“成功的语言学习积极的学习。”再看该段的最后一句,这一句是说“对他们来说用这种语言思考比学习词汇更重要”,这两句似乎也差别太大。于是扫视该段,不难发现该段有look for ,not afraid of ,try again 等这样的短语,而这些都是“积极”的表现。所以判断该段的标题中有“积极”这类词。在备选答案中进行筛选,发现C合适:actively正合此意。C句的含义为“积极地学习语言”,此句义与该段第一句的含义吻合。因此,C是合适的选择。

4、Paragraph 4_________

A、Ways to Learn a Language Successfully

B、Learning a language Purposefully

C、Learning a Language Actively

D、Learning a Language Independently

E、Learning from Mistakes

F、Learning to Think in the Target Language

【正确答案】 B

【答案解析】 第四段段首句的含义为“最后,成功的语言学习者是有目的学习的人。”再看该段的最后一句,这一句是说“因为他们想要学会用它,所以他们发现定期地练习使用这种语言很容易”,这两句都提到了目的。所以判断该段的标题中应与“目的”这类词。在备选答案中进行筛选,发现B合适:purposely正合此意。B句的含义为“有目的地学习语言”,此句义与该段第一句的含义吻合。因此,B是合适的选择。

5、Successful language learners derive conclusions _________.

A、to discover sentence patterns and grammatical rules

B、to expand vocabulary

C、to use the target language

D、to encourage unsuccessful language learners to learn independently,actively and purposefully

E、from clues

F、to say strange things

【正确答案】 E

【答案解析】 主语中有形容词successful(成功的),谓语的动词为 derive(获得)。而derive的搭配结构很特别:它通常用“derive…from(从...获得)”这样的结构。不难发现E正是from的短语。再把E放入问题句中,此问题句的语义为“成功的语言学习者从线索中得出结论”,该句的语义逻辑正确,所以答案肯定是E。

6、Independent language learners rely on themselves _________.

A、to discover sentence patterns and grammatical rules

B、to expand vocabulary

C、to use the target language

D、to encourage unsuccessful language learners to learn independently,actively and purposefully

E、from clues

F、to say strange things

【正确答案】 A

【答案解析】 主语中有形容词independent(独立的),谓语的动词为 rely on(依靠)。而A,B及C是一类答案,所以答案可能从它们中出现。依据线索词independent找到相关的第二段,再利用线索词rely on进行查找(查找与rely on的语义相关的词/短语),于是在该段的第三句中找到find…for themselves(他们自己发现)这样的结构,再对比原句和备选答案,不难看出A是答案。

7、Active language learners seize every opportunity _________.

A、to discover sentence patterns and grammatical rules

B、to expand vocabulary

C、to use the target language

D、to encourage unsuccessful language learners to learn independently,actively and purposefully

E、from clues

F、to say strange things

【正确答案】 C

【答案解析】 主语中有形容词active(积极的),谓语的动词为 seize(opportunity)(抓住机会)。从语义上首先排除F:现在答案只能从B,C和D中出现,而凭直觉,active应表现为自己主动的学习,而不是去encourage他人,所以再排除D。再利用线索词active找到相关的第三段,再利用线索词seize every opportunity进行查找(查找与seize every opportunity的语义相关的短语或结构),于是在该段的第二句中找到not wait for a chance(不是等待机会)这样的结构,再对比原句和备选B和C答案,不难看出C是答案。

8、The author wrote this text _________.

A、to discover sentence patterns and grammatical rules

B、to expand vocabulary

C、to use the target language

D、to encourage unsuccessful language learners to learn independently,actively and purposefully

E、from clues

F、to say strange things

【正确答案】 D

【答案解析】 该题是说作者写这篇文章的目的是什么,比较剩下的B,D和C这三个备选答案,不难推出答案为D:F语义不对,整篇文章不是讲词汇的,所以B也不是答案,剩下只有D可选。



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