当前位置:网校排名 > 新东方在线 > 新东方在线资讯 > 考研英语阅读冲刺:“例证题”三大做题要点

直播课程
新东方在线

考研英语阅读冲刺:“例证题”三大做题要点

发布时间:2016-04-01 来源:新东方在线 发布人:

新东方在线0元免费畅学窗口

考研英语阅读是整体试卷分数最重的部分,也是让很多考生很“忧愁”的题型之一。下面就为同学们总结一下阅读中例证题解题方法。

一、判断题型

通过对考研英语阅读文章题干的观察分类例证题题干特点如下,当题干中出现example,demonstrate,illustrate,case,story,即可判断该题干为例证题,见历年真题题干如下:

1. Wilt Chamberlain is cited as an example to____.

2. George Washington's dental surgery in mentioned to____.

3. The birthday phenomenon found among soccer players is mentioned to____.

4. The statement “It never rains but it pours” is used to introduce____.

二、方法

通过对历年真题的分析,例证题的考察主要考察的是论点论据的区分,即找出例子论证的论点。例证题可细分为两种类型,例子在文首,例子在文中。例 子在文首时,多为了引出文章主题,主题通常紧随例子后面;例子在文中时,多为刚刚陈述一个观点,接着举例论证的情况,所以观点多数情况紧随例子前面。

例子在文首见历年真题题干如下:

1.The extinction of large prehistoric animals is noted to suggest that________.

[A] large animal were vulnerable to the changing environment

[B] small species survived as large animals disappeared

[C] large sea animals may face the same threat today

[D] slow-growing fish outlive fast-growing ones

例子出现在文章首段,用过去式陈述过去发生在大型肉食动物身上的事情,一段末通过now这个时间指示副词和文章开头的arrived之间的对比,提出文章主题,Now something similar could be happening in the oceans。正确答案为最后首段末句的同义替换,C。

2. The birthday phenomenon found among soccer players is mentioned to____.

[A] stress the importance of professional training.

[B] spotlight the soccer superstars at the World Cup.

[C] introduce the topic of what makes expert performance.

[D] explain why some soccer teams play better than others.

一段通过一个现象的叙述,引出二段首的观点,此篇文章,主旨句特点比较明显,为段首的问句,问题的答案即为主旨,what might account for this strange phenomenon?

三、错误选项特点

通过对真题的分析,例证题错误选项的特征多为就事论事,混淆论点论据。见真题如下:

1. The extinction of large prehistoric animals is noted to suggest that________.

[A] large animal were vulnerable to the changing environment(文中一段例子中的细节,不可概括主题)

[B] small species survived as large animals disappeared(文中一段例子中的细节,不可概括主题)

[C] large sea animals may face the same threat today

[D] slow-growing fish outlive fast-growing ones(与文中一段三句相矛盾,属于一段例子中的细节上的反向干扰。)

综合分析其它三个干扰选项特征其实一句话概括,即题干问为什么举例,而干扰选项在说这个例子本身——就事论事,混淆论点论据。

2. The birthday phenomenon found among soccer players is mentioned to____.

[A] stress the importance of professional training.

(球员出生现象不能够直接强调职业训练的重要性,此处通过球员出生的例子在没有论证的情况下,还不能得出结论,即天才是后天造就的,文章的论证 是下面的逻辑顺序:球员出生现象的引子——原因的猜测:某些星相学玄学原因?——接着通过埃里克森的实验得出结论:天才是后天造就。该选项跳跃性太强,出 现了逻辑断层。)

[B] spotlight the soccer superstars at the World Cup.

(例证为了引出主题:二段首,卓越的原因,而不是讨论球员本身,选项B非作者意图。)

[C] introduce the topic of what makes expert performance.

[D] explain why some soccer teams play better than others.

(文章中说的是球员,不是球队,属于一段例子中的细节上的偷换概念。)

通过对干扰选项的观察,B、D两个干扰项的特点都是就事论事,讨论例子本身,非作者意图,没有分清论点论据。


热门推荐:

考研网校哪个好
新东方考研培训班
考研培训班
考研培训机构哪个好
考研英语网络课程
文都考研网校
北京考研培训班

上一篇:考研英语二小作文精选主题:邀请信

下一篇:考研英语阅读冲刺:单词量有限怎么办?

相关阅读

老师推荐

扩展阅读