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初二上册英语第7-9单元知识点总结

发布时间:2016-08-09 来源:新东方在线 发布人:tusya

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一.重点短语:


1.turn on/off/up/down 2.cut up 3.mix up4.pour…into…5.add…to…6.hang out 7.watch a dolphin show 8.at the end of 9.take a class/have a class 10.sleep late 11.go for a drive 12.on my next off 13.in my opinion 14.in the future 15.free time 16.be born 17.ice skating18.a piece of music 19.win first prize 20.major in 21.one teaspoon of 22.a slice of 23.take a photo/photos 24.get one’s autograph 25.have a yard sale26.get wet 27.have a party 28.at the age of 29.because of 30.at the same time


二.考点归纳:


考点1.finally的同义词组:


finally=at last=in the end


Finally he came up with an idea.=


_____ _____ he came up with an idea.=


_____ ____ _____ he came up with an idea.


考点2.turn on/open的区别:


1.turn on:指打开水流,煤气,电灯,电视,收音机等电器的开关。


2.open:指关着的门,窗,箱子打开。


Please _____ the door.


The boy _____ the computer to play games last night.


考点3.into/in的区别:


1.into表示“到……里面去”,进入到……某空间里。属于动态介词。


2.in表示“在……里面”,在某一空间或范围之内。属于静态介词。


There is nothing _____ the blender.


He put his books ______his backpack and left.


考点4.too…to…的同义句:


too…to…=not…enough to…=so…that…


He is so young that he can’t go to school.=


He isn’t _____ ____ to go school.=


He is _____ young _____ go to school.


The box is too heavy for us to carry.


The box isn’t _____ _____ to carry=


The box is ____ heavy ____ we ____ carryit.


考点5.called的同义句:


called=named=with the name(of)


Do you know the girl called Kate?=


Do you know the girl ______Kate?=


Do you know the girl _____ _____ _____(of)Kate?


考点6.see sb do sth、see sb doing sth的区别


1.see sb do sth:看见某人做了某事


2.see sb doing sth.看见某人正在做某事


The teacher saw the students _______(read)English when he came in.


Look!Can you see the girl _____(dance)under the tree?


注:类似的动词有:hear,watch,notice等。省to的不定式变被动语态时,需带上to


I often notice him go home alone.------


He is noticed _____ _____ home alone.


考点7.at the age of的同义句:


at the age of=when sb was/were….


He began to learn English when he was four.=


He began to learn English ____ ____ ____ ______ four.


考点8.take part in/join的区别:


1.take part in表示参加某项活动,运动,事件等。着重强调以主人翁的姿态或在活动中负有责任而参加。


2.join表示加入组织,团体,党派而成为其中一员。


注:join sb in….表示“参与某人的活动之中”


He ______ the Party in 1987.


Can you come and _____us in the game?


Twenty students from our class _________


the sports meeting last week.


考点9.句型:


Sb be the first/last one(person) to do sth


某人是第一个或最后一个干某事


Women and children are the first _______(take)to safety.


考点10.because/because of的区别:


1.because后面接从句(除what从句之外)。


2.because of后面接名词、代词、名词性短语、what从句。


He didn’t go to the party because he was ill.


He didn’t go to the party ____ _____ his ____.


She was very angry ______what you said.


A.because B.because of C./D.with


考点11.keep的用法:


1.keep adj表示保持某种状态


Keep ______,The baby is sleeping.


2.keep sb/sth adj表示使某人保持某种状态


We must keep our classroom ______.


3.keep doing sth.表示不间断地持续做某事或一直做某事。


It kept _______(rain)all night.


4.keep on doing sth表示反复做某事。


He kept on _______(make)the same mistakes.


5.keep sb doing sth表示让某人一直做某事。


He kept us _______(wait)for an hour.


6.keep sb from doing sth表示阻止某人干某事。=stop sb(from)doing sth=prevend sb(from)doing sth.


Because of the heavy rain,we could go to school.=The heavy rain ______ us from ____to school.


考点12.visit的用法:


1.词性转换:visit-------visitor


There are many _______(visit)in the park on May’s Day.


2.词组1).be on a visit to 某地=visit 某地


2).one’s first visit to 某地表示某人第一次参观某地


He is visiting China.=He is _____ _____ ______ to China.


This is my first visit to Beijing.


注:travel to 某地


Have you traveled to Shanghai?


考点13.alive/living的区别:


1.alive指活的、现存的、有活力的。常作表语,也可放在名词或代词之后作后置定语。


2.living指活着的、现行的、现存的。可作表语,也可放在名词前作定语。


He thinks he is the happiest man ______.


The ______people must remember the dead.


今天的内容就介绍到这里了。


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