（1）Able ability enable capable be able to do能够做…
have the ability to do能够做，有能力做…：
例句：He has the ability to make very good boat.
enable sb to do使…能做…：
例句：Internet has enabled us to get information from all over the world.
Be capable of能够做…：
例句：He is capable of drawing oil painting.
（3）Abroad国外，海外： live ~ go ~
例句：Many young people are eager to go abroad to study.
Have access to sth
例句：Citizens in the town all have access to the books in the local（当地的）library.
（5）Absorb 吸收 be absorbed in全神贯注于…
例句：All the students are absorbed in Professor's lecture on China's economy.
例句：She received a gift from him， but she didn't accept it.
（7）By accident=by chance 偶然地 on purpose 故意地
（8） According to 根据
例句：According to the article， environmental pollution has been taken under control.
（9）Take… into account=take… into consideration 把…考虑在内
例句：I hope my teacher will take into account my illness when he grades our test paper.
例句：She gave an account of what he saw in China.
（10） Accuse sb of sth = charge sb with（for） sth 指责…做了…；指控…犯了…
例句：He was accused of robbing the bank and sentenced ten years in gail.
（11）Be accustomed to = be used to 习惯于 后接 sth或 doing sth
used to 过去有 过去常常 后接 do sth
例句：Mr. Smith is not used/accustomed to driving on the right.
I'm already used to the life here.
There used to be a house near the river.
He used to get up while he was in the middle school.
例句：You will achieve nothing if you waste your time this way.
（13）Adapt=adjust 适应 ~ adopt 收养；采用
例句：You should adapt to college life as soon as possible.
He adjusted himself very quickly to the weather in the country.
（14）Add to 增添 add up to 总计达
（15） In addition（to）=besides 此外
例句：In order to master a foreign language， we should learn some grammar. In addition， we'd better learn some words.
例句：He admitted him mistake at last.
（18）In advance 预先，提前
例句：You should inform（通知） me in advance if you are going to come.
（19）Take advantage of = make use of 利用
例句：We can take advantage of computer to analyze data.
A good habit in learning is to make full use of class time.
（20）Affect （v.） effect （n.） influence （v & n） 影响 effort 努力
have an effect/influence on对…有影响
make an effort to do或 make efforts to do
例句：The latest discovery in gene will have a great effect on the health of human beings.
They made great efforts to find a new cure to lung cancer .
（21）Afford （to do） sth 买/花/用/支付得起
例句：It's hard to imagine how he can afford （to buy） a house on his small salary.
（22）Be afraid of 担心，害怕
（23）At the age of
（24）Agree with 同意
agree on 同意 （双方就…达成一致）
agree to 同意 （上级，父母对下级，晚辈允许…）
例句：The two countries have agreed on the date for next talk.
My parents don't agree to my staying outside overnight.
（25）Ahead of time 提前
例句：We finished our assignment ahead of time.
（26）By air=by plane by sea= by ship by bus/train on foot
（27）After all 毕竟 above all 首先 （not…） at all 一点（也不） all over
（28）Allow/permit … to do… 允许…做…
（29）Although/though but 连词 不能同时用在句子中。
in spite of/despite介词 不连接句子
例句：Although he was seriously ill， he went on with the experiment.
Young as he is， he has already learned three foreign languages： English， French and Japanese.
Although he is young，he has already learned three foreign languages ：English， French and Japanese.
In spite of/despite his illness， he went on with his experiment.
（30）Be angry with sb be angry at sth
例句：No one knows what happened except mr. Smith.
He has a large collection of books besides CDs.
（32）Apply （ ~ for 申请 ） 应用
例句：He has successfully applied for a position（职位） in the company.
例句：I really appreciate your coming to the party.
类似动词有：enjoy， mind介意， avoid避免， escape逃避，
can't help禁不住， risk冒险， need=want需要insist on 坚持
（34）Approve 赞成， 批准
（35）Argue with sb 与…争论
（36）As for 至于 as to 关于，至于 as if/though 似乎，好象
（37）Ask for 要求
（38）Arise ~ from rise arouse raise
例句：New problems will arise as the old ones have been solved.（出现）
Are there any things arising from last meeting？ （源于）
His speech aroused little interest among the students.（引起，激起）
The company has raised the prices of its products.（提高）
The prices of goods rose day by day during the Spring Festival.（上升）
（39）Artificial 人工的，假的 ~ flowers
（40）Attach importance to 重视
（41）Pay attention to重视 catch one's attention 引起…注意/重视
例句：There is no ticket available.
（43）Average 平均 on（ the ） ~
（44）Be aware of = realize 意识到 be sure 一定要，肯定
例句：He apologized to us for the mistake as soon as he was aware of it.
Be sure not to be late for the meeting.
I'm sure the play will be a great success.
（45）Back up 支持
（47）Base ~…on… 把…建立在…基础之上
例句：His article is based on the research.
（48）Bear 忍受，容忍 同义词：
endure tolerate stand put up with
例句：She cannot bear to see the child in pains.
（49）Do/try one's best
例句：He said he would try his best to carry out the plan.
例句：There will be no meeting because the manager will be on the vacation next week.
because of 介词：
例句：His wedding will be put off because of his father's death.
（51）Best make the ~ of 很好地利用
（52）Had better do 最好
例句：You'd better finish reading the book in this week， since I'm going to return it to the library.
would rather do 宁愿
例句： I'd rather go there myself.
例句：The professor's lecture is beyond me/beyond my understanding （超出我的理解范围）。
The apple on the tree is beyond my reach（够不着）。
either…or… 或者… 或者…
neither …。 Nor…。 两者都不
（55）Be bound to do 注定…
例句：You're bound to succeed as long as（只要）you keep on trying.