发布时间：2021-01-12 来源：中学网校 发布人：tusya
Hilversum is a medium-sized city between the major cities of Amsterdam and Utrecht in the Gooi area of North Holland,the Netherlands.Unlike most of the Netherlands,Hilversum is actually in a hilly area with the soil mostly consisting of sand.Once called the Garden of Amsterdam,it still attracts travelers to come over to cycle and walk through the surrounding forests.They visit it for a relaxing day off from the urban madness.For Dutch people,Hilversum is all about textile(纺织)and media industries,and modern architecture.
In history,Hilversum was largely an agricultural area.Daily life was marked by farming,sheep raising and wool production.A railway link to Amsterdam in 1874 attracted rich traders from Amsterdam to Hilversum.They build themselves large villas(别墅)in the wooded surroundings of the town.One of the families moving in was the Brenninkmeijers,currently the wealthiest family of the Netherlands.They moved in after big success in the textile industry and aided a substantial textile industry in Hilversum.But the textile boom lasted only several decades.The last factory closed in the 1960s.
The change to a media economy started in 1920,when the Nederlandse Seintoestedllen Fabriek(NSF)established a radio factory in Hiversum.Most radio stations called in the large villas in the leafy areas of the town.Television gave another push to the local economy.Hilversum became the media capital of the Netherlands,and Dutch televison stars moved into the leafy neighborhoods surrounding the town.
In the early 1900s,modern architcts W.M.Dudok and J.Duiker placed hundreds of remarkable buildings in Hilversum.These modern architectural masterpieces(杰作)are so many that Hilversum almost feels like an open air museum.Dudok alone shaped most 20th century Hilversum and approximately 75 buildings in 1928-1931.It has wide international fame and is included in many architecture textbooks.The building has a remarkable shape and looks like a combination of“blocks”.Actually,one may start his journey of modern architecture by walking or biking the W.M.Dudok Architectural Route in Hilversum.
59.Hilversum is different from most of the Netherlands in that ______.
A.it has a large population B.it is cut off from big cities
C.it has many beautiful gardens D.it is in a hilly area with sandy soil
60.What was the greatest contribution of the Brenninkmeijers to Hilversum?
A.Building a railway link to Amsterdam
B.Helping its textile industry to develop
C.Constructing large villas for the poor
D.Assisting its agricultural industry
61.The beginning of the media industry in Hilversum was marked by the establishment of ______.
A.a radio factory B.the medial capital C.a radio station D.a TV station
62.What is known about W.M.Dudok?s Hilversum Town Hall?
A.It consists of approximately 75 buildings
B.It looks like an open air museum in the city
C.It is a classic example in architecture textbooks
D.It has shaped most of 20th century Hilvesum.
【答案】59．D 60．B 61．A 62．C
1.Eternal truths will be neither true nor eternal unless they have fresh meaning for every new social situation .
2.Histories make men wise ; poems witty; the mathematics subtle; natural philosophy deep ; moral grave ; logic and rhetoric able to contend .
3.If you don't learn to think when you are young , you may never learn .
4.Natural abilities are like natural plants that need pruning by study.