当前位置:网校排名 > 新东方在线 > 新东方在线资讯 > 新概念英语自学导读:第二册 Lesson63

直播课程
新东方在线

新概念英语自学导读:第二册 Lesson63

发布时间:2016-05-25 来源:新东方在线 发布人:

新东方在线0元免费畅学窗口


课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.Jeremy Hampden has a large circle of friends and is very popular at parties.
杰里米·汉普登交际甚广,是各种聚会上深受大家欢迎的人。

(1)circle的含义之一是“(具有共同利益或兴趣等的人形成的)圈子”、“……界”:
Such things are never talked about in business circles.
商业界的人士从来不谈论这种事。

Jeremy used to have a large circle of friends, but now he likes being alone.
杰里米以前交游甚广,但现在他喜欢独处。

(2)popular在这里表示“受欢迎的”、“得人心的”:
She is now a popular actress.
她现在是个走红的演员。

Mary is always popular with/among children.
玛丽总是很受孩子们的欢迎。

2.his great sense of humour
他那绝妙的幽默感

humour可以指“幽默”、“幽默感”,sense of humour指“幽默感”:
He has a good/great sense of humour.
他很有幽默感。

George has no sense of humour.
乔治没有幽默感。

He is a man without humour.
他是个没有幽默感的人。

3.…everybody, that is, except his six-year-old daughter, Jenny .
……人人,就是说,除他6岁的女儿珍妮之外的每一个人。

(1)that is为插入语,表示“那就是说”、“亦即”,用于补充说明everybody。
He is coming home next Monday, that is, April 5th.
他将于下星期一也就是4月5号到家。

He is coming home next Monday, that is, if he does not change his plan.
他将于下星期一到家,就是说,如果他不改变计划的话。

(2)Jenny为his…daughter的同位语。

(3)数词加名词构成复合形容词可以用于表示年龄、时间、度量等,名词通常用单数:
a twenty-year-old man 一位20岁的男子

a four-hour meeting 历时4小时的会议

a six-foot hole 一个6英尺深的洞(也可以说a hole six feet deep,这时foot用复数)

a three-hour journey    一次3小时的旅程

4.This is the sort of thing that Jeremy loves.
这正是杰里米喜欢做的事情。

sort表示“种类”、“类型”,常与of连用:
There are all sorts of flowers in his garden.
他家花园里有各种各样的花。

You mustn't mix with that sort of people.
你不得与那种人交往。

5.…he did as his daughter asked.
……他还是按照女儿的要求做了。

as引导的是方式状语从句,其含义为“如同……那样”、“以……的方式”:
This fish isn't cooked as I like it.
这条鱼不是按我喜欢的那样做的。

6.to his surprise
令他吃惊的是

to sb's surprise是固定短语:
To my surprise, they can't sell their flat.
使我惊讶的是,他们的那套房子居然卖不出去。

7.Jeremy asked her why this was so…
杰里米问她为何不喜欢……

this was so代指前面提到的情况,即she hadn't enjoyed the speech,this指“上述之事”,so表示“如此的”。

语法 Grammar in use

间接引语:祈使句的转述

(1)在第15课与第39课的语法中,我们分别学习了陈述句和疑问句变为间接引语的情况,它们基本上都是引述词(say, tell等) (间接宾语) 从句:
He told me that the firm could not afford to pay such large salaries.
他告诉我,公司支付不起这么庞大的工资开支。(间接陈述句)

He asked if Mr. Gilbert's operation had been successful.
他问吉尔伯特先生的手术是否成功。(间接疑问句)

(2)祈使句的情况有所不同。表示命令、请求、建议的祈使句通常可用适当的动词后跟不定式来转述。常用的这类动词有advise, ask, tell, order, command, warn, invite等,这些动词后
往往有间接宾语。转述这类祈使句的否定形式时,必须将not放在带to的不定式之前:

I advise you not to buy her anything.
我建议你别给她买任何东西。

(3)动词suggest和insist用于转述建议、要求时,其结构为suggest/insist that从句(用should):
She suggests that we leave early tomorrow.
她建议我们明天早走。


编辑推荐:

新东方新概念英语

新概念英语网校

新概念英语辅导

上一篇:新概念词汇随身听 第一册Lesson41:一块奶酪

下一篇:新概念英语自学导读:第二册 Lesson62

相关阅读

老师推荐

扩展阅读